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The persistence of adolescent binge drinking into adulthood: findings from a 15-year prospective cohort study

Degenhardt, Louisa, O'Loughlin, Christina, Swift, Wendy, Romaniuk, Helena, Carlin, John, Coffey, Carolyn, Hall, Wayne and Patton, George 2013, The persistence of adolescent binge drinking into adulthood: findings from a 15-year prospective cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003015.

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Title The persistence of adolescent binge drinking into adulthood: findings from a 15-year prospective cohort study
Author(s) Degenhardt, Louisa
O'Loughlin, Christina
Swift, Wendy
Romaniuk, Helena
Carlin, John
Coffey, Carolyn
Hall, Wayne
Patton, George
Journal name BMJ Open
Volume number 3
Issue number 8
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher BMJ Open
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2013
ISSN 2044-6055
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
ALCOHOL OUTLET DENSITY
YOUNG ADULTHOOD
USE INITIATION
SUBSTANCE USE
SELF-REPORT
RISK
TRAJECTORIES
DEPENDENCE
AUSTRALIA
PEOPLE
Summary Objectives: To examine the prevalence of binge drinking in adolescence and its persistence into adulthood in an Australian cohort.

Design: 15-year prospective cohort study. Setting: Victoria, Australia. Participants: 1943 adolescents were recruited from secondary schools at age 14-15 years. Primary outcome measures: Levels of past-week 'binge' drinking (5+ standard drinks on a day, each 10 g alcohol) and 'heavy binge' drinking (20+ standard drinks on a day for males, 11+ for females) were assessed during six adolescent waves, and across three adult waves up to age 29 years.

Results: Half of the males (52%) and a third of the females (34%) reported past-week adolescent binge drinking. 90% of male and 70% of female adolescentonset binge drinkers continued to binge in young adulthood; 70% of males and 48% of females who were not adolescent-onset binge drinkers reported young adult binge drinking. Past-week heavy bingeing was less common in adolescence than adulthood. Overall, 35% of the sample (95% CI 33% to 38%) reported past-week binge drinking in adolescence and young adulthood and one-third (33%; 30% to 35%) first reported binge drinking in young adulthood; only 7% of the sample (6-8%) had binge drinking in adolescence but not young adulthood. 'Heavy binge' drinking occurred in adolescence and young adulthood for 9% (8% to 10%); 8% (7% to 10%) reported it in adolescence but no longer in young adulthood; and 24% (22% to 26%) began 'heavy binge' drinking in young adulthood. Among adolescent binge drinkers (n=821), young adult binge and heavy binge drinking were predicted by being male, adolescent antisocial behaviour and adverse consequences of drinking in adolescence.

Conclusions: Binge alcohol use is common and persistent among young Australians. Efforts to prevent the onset of binge drinking during adolescence may substantially reduce harmful patterns of alcohol use in young adulthood.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003015
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30113855

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: PVC's Office - Health
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.