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Carnivore conservation needs evidence-based livestock protection

van Eeden, Lily M., Eklund, Ann, Miller, Jennifer R. B., López-Bao, Jose Vicente, Chapron, Guillaume, Cejtin, Mikael R., Crowther, Mathew S., Dickman, Christopher R., Frank, Jens, Krofel, Miha, Macdonald, David W., McManus, Jeannine, Meyer, Tara K., Middleton, Arthur D., Newsome, Thomas M., Ripple, William J., Ritchie, Euan, Schmitz, Oswald J., Stoner, Kelly J., Tourani, Mahdieh and Treves, A 2018, Carnivore conservation needs evidence-based livestock protection, PLOS Biol, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2005577.

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Title Carnivore conservation needs evidence-based livestock protection
Author(s) van Eeden, Lily M.
Eklund, Ann
Miller, Jennifer R. B.
López-Bao, Jose Vicente
Chapron, Guillaume
Cejtin, Mikael R.
Crowther, Mathew S.
Dickman, Christopher R.
Frank, Jens
Krofel, Miha
Macdonald, David W.
McManus, Jeannine
Meyer, Tara K.
Middleton, Arthur D.
Newsome, Thomas M.ORCID iD for Newsome, Thomas M. orcid.org/0000-0003-3457-3256
Ripple, William J.
Ritchie, EuanORCID iD for Ritchie, Euan orcid.org/0000-0003-4410-8868
Schmitz, Oswald J.
Stoner, Kelly J.
Tourani, Mahdieh
Treves, A
Journal name PLOS Biol
Volume number 16
Issue number 9
Article ID e2005577
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher Public Library of Science
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2018-09
ISSN 1545-7885
Summary Carnivore predation on livestock often leads people to retaliate. Persecution by humans has contributed strongly to global endangerment of carnivores. Preventing livestock losses would help to achieve three goals common to many human societies: preserve nature, protect animal welfare, and safeguard human livelihoods. Between 2016 and 2018, four independent reviews evaluated >40 years of research on lethal and nonlethal interventions for reducing predation on livestock. From 114 studies, we find a striking conclusion: scarce quantitative comparisons of interventions and scarce comparisons against experimental controls preclude strong inference about the effectiveness of methods. For wise investment of public resources in protecting livestock and carnivores, evidence of effectiveness should be a prerequisite to policy making or large-scale funding of any method or, at a minimum, should be measured during implementation. An appropriate evidence base is needed, and we recommend a coalition of scientists and managers be formed to establish and encourage use of consistent standards in future experimental evaluations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pbio.2005577
Field of Research 06 Biological Sciences
11 Medical And Health Sciences
07 Agricultural And Veterinary Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID National Science Foundation Couple Human and Natural Systems (grant number 115057)
Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (grant number RYC-2015-18932).
National Geographic Society (Grant WW-100C-17)
Copyright notice ©2018, van Eeden et al.
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30113943

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.