The prospective non-conventional alternate and renewable energy sources in Pakistan - a focus on biomass energy for power generation, transportation, and industrial fuel

Tareen, Wajahat Ullah Khan, Anjum, Zuha, Yasin, Nabila, Siddiqui, Leenah, Farhat, Ifzana, Malik, Suheel Abdullah, Mekhilef, Saad, Seyedmahmoudian, Mehdi, Horan, Ben, Darwish, Mohamed, Aamir, Muhammad and Chek, Leong Wen 2018, The prospective non-conventional alternate and renewable energy sources in Pakistan - a focus on biomass energy for power generation, transportation, and industrial fuel, Energies, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 1-49, doi: 10.3390/en11092431.

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Title The prospective non-conventional alternate and renewable energy sources in Pakistan - a focus on biomass energy for power generation, transportation, and industrial fuel
Author(s) Tareen, Wajahat Ullah Khan
Anjum, Zuha
Yasin, Nabila
Siddiqui, Leenah
Farhat, Ifzana
Malik, Suheel Abdullah
Mekhilef, Saad
Seyedmahmoudian, Mehdi
Horan, BenORCID iD for Horan, Ben orcid.org/0000-0002-6723-259X
Darwish, Mohamed
Aamir, Muhammad
Chek, Leong Wen
Journal name Energies
Volume number 11
Issue number 9
Article ID 2431
Start page 1
End page 49
Total pages 49
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-09
ISSN 1996-1073
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Technology
Energy & Fuels
electricity generation
energy crisis
renewable energy sources
transportation
biomass energy
biofuels
ELECTRICITY-GENERATION
WASTE MANAGEMENT
LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS
BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
CHALLENGES
BIOGAS
FUTURE
RESOURCES
POLICY
CHINA
Summary Pakistan is experiencing an undersupply of electricity, causing load shedding several hours per day due to the adherence to conventional energy resources having quantitative and environmental limitations. Fossil fuels generate more than half of the country's total electricity, but they will ultimately run out due to their limited supply. Their combustion emits greenhouse gases, posing environmental threats. Since the world is tending toward efficient and sustainable alternative methods for harvesting energy from nature, Pakistan has also been investigating an elevated deployment of renewable energy projects. This paper presents a critical analysis of the present energy sector of Pakistan along with global scenarios. Pakistan relies on mainly thermal, hydro, and nuclear energy for power generation. National solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass resources have not been extensively explored and implemented. This paper provides an insight into the potential of these resources in Pakistan to generate electricity for the national grid on a large scale. It focuses on biomass energy, which can be harnessed from bagasse, poultry waste, and municipal waste for power production, and biomass-based fuel for industries and transportation. It concludes that biomass is the most sustainable, available, implementable, and environment-friendly resource that can be utilized to lessen the energy demand and supply gap in Pakistan.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/en11092431
Field of Research 09 Engineering
02 Physical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30114680

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