Shifting beliefs about suicide: pre-post evaluation of the effectiveness of a program for workers in the construction industry

King, Tania L., Gullestrup, Jorgen, Batterham, Phillip J., Kelly, Brian, Lockwood, Chris, Lingard, Helen, Harvey, Samuel B., LaMontagne, Anthony D. and Milner, Allison 2018, Shifting beliefs about suicide: pre-post evaluation of the effectiveness of a program for workers in the construction industry, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 15, no. 10, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15102106.

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Title Shifting beliefs about suicide: pre-post evaluation of the effectiveness of a program for workers in the construction industry
Author(s) King, Tania L.
Gullestrup, Jorgen
Batterham, Phillip J.
Kelly, Brian
Lockwood, Chris
Lingard, Helen
Harvey, Samuel B.
LaMontagne, Anthony D.ORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D. orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Milner, AllisonORCID iD for Milner, Allison orcid.org/0000-0003-4657-0503
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 15
Issue number 10
Article ID 2106
Total pages 13
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-09-25
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) beliefs
construction workers
intervention
mental health
occupation
suicide
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
HELP-SEEKING
PREVENTION
INDIVIDUALS
STIGMA
Summary Suicide is a significant health problem that is known to disproportionately affect those employed in manual occupations, including construction workers and tradespeople. Universal General Awareness Training (GAT) was part of a multi-component suicide prevention program in the Australian construction industry. The program's aims were to increase awareness of mental health and suicide, reduce stigma, and encourage help-seeking and help-offering behaviours. This paper sought to examine the effectiveness of the GAT program in shifting suicide beliefs. Pre- and post-training survey data of 20,125 respondents was obtained from a database of GAT evaluation results between 2016 and 2018. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were fitted to examine belief changes, and predictive margins and their SEs were computed. Mean differences in belief change were obtained for the overall sample, and by occupation. Modest but significant favourable shifts in three of the four beliefs assessed were observed following GAT. Managers and professionals showed greater propensity to shift beliefs, and Labourers and Machinery Operators and Drivers showed least. Results suggest that GAT can successfully shift some beliefs regarding suicide and mental health at least in the short term, but highlight the need to tailor communication to vulnerable occupational groups.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph15102106
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, The Author's
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30114706

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