Evidence that frame of reference effects can reduce socially prescribed perfectionism

Bouguettaya, Ayoub, Cruwys, Tegan, Moulding, Richard, King, Ross and Bliuc, Ana-Maria 2019, Evidence that frame of reference effects can reduce socially prescribed perfectionism, Frontiers in psychology, vol. 9, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02703.

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Title Evidence that frame of reference effects can reduce socially prescribed perfectionism
Author(s) Bouguettaya, AyoubORCID iD for Bouguettaya, Ayoub orcid.org/0000-0002-5843-3533
Cruwys, Tegan
Moulding, RichardORCID iD for Moulding, Richard orcid.org/0000-0001-7779-3166
King, RossORCID iD for King, Ross orcid.org/0000-0002-0819-7077
Bliuc, Ana-Maria
Journal name Frontiers in psychology
Volume number 9
Article ID 2703
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-01
Keyword(s) Context
Eating behaviour
Eating disorders
Social norms
Social identity
Social Sciences
Summary Socially prescribed perfectionism appears to drive disordered eating behaviour in young women, usually via messages from fellow women. Social psychological research suggests that framing effects can be manipulated to reduce the effect of unhealthy messages. This research used contrasting messages about perfectionism to reduce perfectionism among female dieters. We recruited 147 female dieters (Mage = 25.11) for a between-subjects experimental study. While completing an online questionnaire, participants were exposed to one of three sets of blog posts, which varied in content and source. These three conditions always had one anti-perfectionism message from a woman. This was presented along with either a high perfection message from a man, a high perfectionism message from a woman, or both of these messages. After reading the blog posts, women were asked to fill out a scale assessing their levels of socially prescribed perfectionism. When participants were exposed to an anti-perfectionism message from a woman, paired with a high-perfectionism message from a man, participants showed lower socially prescribed perfectionism than when both high and anti-perfectionism messages came from two women. These findings imply that strategies designed to reduce socially prescribed perfectionism may benefit from including contrasting messages, as this may shift perceived perfectionism norms. Implications for social interventions are discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02703
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, Bouguettaya, Cruwys, Moulding, King and Bliuc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30116583

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 14 Jan 2019, 13:25:49 EST

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