Comparing complex perspectives on obesity drivers: action-driven communities and evidence-oriented experts

McGlashan, Jaimie, Hayward, Joshua, Brown, Andrew, Owen, Brynle, Millar, L, Johnstone, Michael, Creighton, Douglas and Allender, Steven 2018, Comparing complex perspectives on obesity drivers: action-driven communities and evidence-oriented experts, Obesity science and practice, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 575-581, doi: 10.1002/osp4.306.

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Title Comparing complex perspectives on obesity drivers: action-driven communities and evidence-oriented experts
Author(s) McGlashan, JaimieORCID iD for McGlashan, Jaimie
Hayward, JoshuaORCID iD for Hayward, Joshua
Brown, AndrewORCID iD for Brown, Andrew
Owen, Brynle
Millar, L
Johnstone, MichaelORCID iD for Johnstone, Michael
Creighton, DouglasORCID iD for Creighton, Douglas
Allender, StevenORCID iD for Allender, Steven
Journal name Obesity science and practice
Volume number 4
Issue number 6
Start page 575
End page 581
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2018-12
ISSN 2055-2238
Keyword(s) Community health
network analysis
obesity prevention
systems science
Summary Introduction: The Foresight obesity map represents an expert-developed systems map describing the complex drivers of obesity. Recently, community-led causal loop diagrams have been developed to support community-based obesity prevention interventions. This paper presents a quantitative comparison between the Foresight obesity systems map and a community-developed map of the drivers of obesity. Methods: Variables from a community-developed map were coded against the thematic clusters defined in the Foresight map to allow comparison of their sizes and strength of adjoining causal relationships. Central variables were identified using techniques from network analysis. These properties were compared to understand the similarities and differences between the systems as defined by the two groups. Results: The community map focused on environmental influences, such as built physical activity environment (18% of variables) and social psychology (38%). The Foresight map's largest cluster was physiology (23%), a minimal focus in the community map (2%). Network analysis highlighted media and available time within both maps, but variables related to school and sporting club environments were unique to the community map. Conclusion: Community stakeholders focus on modifiable social and environmental drivers of obesity. Capturing local perspectives is critical when using systems maps to guide community-based obesity prevention.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/osp4.306
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
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