Neighborhood disadvantage and body mass index: a study of residential relocation

Rachele, Jerome N, Kavanagh, Anne M, Brown, Wendy J, Healy, Aislinn M and Turrell, Gavin 2018, Neighborhood disadvantage and body mass index: a study of residential relocation, American journal of epidemiology, vol. 187, no. 8, pp. 1696-1703, doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx390.

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Title Neighborhood disadvantage and body mass index: a study of residential relocation
Author(s) Rachele, Jerome N
Kavanagh, Anne M
Brown, Wendy J
Healy, Aislinn M
Turrell, GavinORCID iD for Turrell, Gavin
Journal name American journal of epidemiology
Volume number 187
Issue number 8
Start page 1696
End page 1703
Total pages 8
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2018-08
ISSN 0002-9262
Keyword(s) deprivation
natural experiment
science & technology
life sciences & biomedicine
public, environmental & occupational health
Summary Natural experiments, such as longitudinal observational studies that follow-up residents as they relocate, provide a strong basis to infer causation between the neighborhood environment and health. In this study, we examined whether changes in the level of neighborhood disadvantage were associated with changes in body mass index (BMI) after residential relocation. This analysis included data from 928 residents who relocated between 2007 and 2013, across 4 waves of the How Areas in Brisbane Influence Health and Activity (HABITAT) study in Brisbane, Australia. Neighborhood disadvantage was measured using a census-derived composite index. For individual-level data, participants selfreported their height, weight, education, occupation, and household income. Data were analyzed using multilevel, hybrid linear models. Women residing in less disadvantaged neighborhoods had a lower BMI, but therewas no association among men. Neighborhood disadvantage was not associated with within-individual changes in BMI among men or women when moving to a new neighborhood. Despite a growing body of literature suggesting an association between neighborhood disadvantage and BMI, we found this association may not be causal among middle-aged and older adults. Observing associations between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and BMI over the life course, including the impact of residential relocation at younger ages, remains a priority for future research.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/aje/kwx390
Field of Research 11 Medical And Health Sciences
01 Mathematical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, The Author(s)
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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