What's missing in autism spectrum disorder motor assessments?

Wilson, Rujuta B., McCracken, James T., Rinehart, Nicole J. and Jeste, Shafali S. 2018, What's missing in autism spectrum disorder motor assessments?, Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders, vol. 10, no. 1, doi: 10.1186/s11689-018-9257-6.

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Title What's missing in autism spectrum disorder motor assessments?
Author(s) Wilson, Rujuta B.
McCracken, James T.
Rinehart, Nicole J.ORCID iD for Rinehart, Nicole J. orcid.org/0000-0001-6109-3958
Jeste, Shafali S.
Journal name Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders
Volume number 10
Issue number 1
Article ID 33
Total pages 13
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2018-12-13
ISSN 1866-1947
1866-1955
Keyword(s) Autism spectrum disorder
Motor assessments
Motor function
Quantitative motor measures
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurosciences
Neurosciences & Neurology
SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN
DOWN-SYNDROME
NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOMES
ASPERGERS-SYNDROME
SKILL ASSESSMENT
PERFORMANCE
PROFICIENCY
SIGNS
COORDINATION
SENSORIMOTOR
Summary BACKGROUND: Motor delays and impairments in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are extremely common and often herald the emergence of pervasive atypical development. Clinical accounts of ASD and standardized measures of motor function have identified deficits in multiple motor domains. However, literature describing frequently used standardized motor assessments in children with ASD, their test properties, and their limitations are sparse. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to identify the most frequently used standardized motor assessments used to evaluate children with ASD from infancy to early childhood. All assessments included were required to possess reference norms, evaluate more than one motor domain, and have undergone some degree of validation. RESULTS: We identified six frequently used standardized measures of motor function per our inclusion and exclusion criteria. We investigated and described in detail the psychometric properties of these assessments, their utility for use with children with ASD, and their individual and overall strengths and limitations. The global strengths of these assessments are the ability to identify early development delays and differences in fine and gross motor function in children with ASD. Global limitations of these studies are lack of validation in individuals with ASD and scoring systems that often miss specific and subtle abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Standardized assessments of motor function have provided valuable information on motor impairments in ASD. However, significant limitations remain in the use of these measures in children with ASD. Moving forward, it is imperative that standardized measures of motor function receive greater validation testing in children with ASD to assess their potential application given the clinical heterogeneity of this condition. In addition, utilizing quantitative measures of motor function should allow for evaluation and comparison of individuals with ASD across the lifespan with varying cognitive and behavioral abilities.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s11689-018-9257-6
Field of Research 1109 Neurosciences
1701 Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30117438

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
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