TAS1R1 and TAS1R3 polymorphisms relate to energy and protein-rich food choices from a buffet meal respectively

Han, Pengfei, Keast, Russell and Roura, Eugeni 2018, TAS1R1 and TAS1R3 polymorphisms relate to energy and protein-rich food choices from a buffet meal respectively, Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.3390/nu10121906.

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Title TAS1R1 and TAS1R3 polymorphisms relate to energy and protein-rich food choices from a buffet meal respectively
Author(s) Han, Pengfei
Keast, RussellORCID iD for Keast, Russell orcid.org/0000-0003-2147-7687
Roura, Eugeni
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 10
Issue number 12
Article ID 1906
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-12-04
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) buffet meal
food consumption
single nucleotide polymorphisms
umami taste receptor
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
Summary Eating behaviour in humans is a complex trait that involves sensory perception. Genetic variation in sensory systems is one of the factors influencing perception of foods. However, the extent that these genetic variations may determine food choices in a real meal scenario warrants further research. This study investigated how genetic variants of the umami taste receptor (TAS1R1/TAS1R3) related to consumption of umami-tasting foods. Thirty normal-weight adult subjects were offered "ad libitum" access to a variety of foods covering the full range of main taste-types for 40 min using a buffet meal arrangement. Buccal cell samples were collected and analysed for six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reported previously related to the TAS1R1/TAS1R3 genes. Participants identified with the CC alleles of the TAS1R3 rs307355 and rs35744813 consumed significantly more protein from the buffet than T carriers. In addition, participants with GG genotype of the TAS1R1 SNP rs34160967 consumed more fat and calories as compared to the genotype group having the A alleles. In summary, these findings revealed a link between the SNPs variations of umami taster receptor gene and fat and protein intake from a buffet meal.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu10121906
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, the authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30117448

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