Differences in park characteristic preferences for visitation and physical activity among adolescents: a latent class analysis

Mertens, Lieze, Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Veitch, Jenny, Deforche, Benedicte and Van Dyck, Delfien 2019, Differences in park characteristic preferences for visitation and physical activity among adolescents: a latent class analysis, PLoS one, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 1-16, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212920.

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Title Differences in park characteristic preferences for visitation and physical activity among adolescents: a latent class analysis
Author(s) Mertens, Lieze
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle
Veitch, JennyORCID iD for Veitch, Jenny orcid.org/0000-0001-8962-0887
Deforche, Benedicte
Van Dyck, Delfien
Journal name PLoS one
Volume number 14
Issue number 3
Article ID e0212920
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Publisher Public Library of Science
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2019-03-18
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) Adolescents
Sports
Equipment
Questionnaires
Transportation
Behavior
Qualitative studies
Walking
Science & Technology
Summary In order to optimize environmental interventions, the current study aimed to investigate whether there are subgroups with different preferences regarding park characteristics for park visitation and park-based PA among adolescents (12-16 years). Furthermore, we examined whether the identified subgroups differed in socio-demographics, PA behavior, and park use characteristics (e.g. accompaniment to park, usual activities during park visitation, usual transportation to parks). Adolescents (12-16 years) were recruited via randomly selected secondary schools, located in Flanders (Belgium). Class visits were conducted between September and November 2016 and adolescents were asked to complete an online questionnaire. Latent class analyses using Sawtooth Software were used to identify possible subgroups. A final sample of 972 adolescents (mean age 13.3 ± 1.3 years) remained for analyses. Three subgroups of adolescents with similar preferences for park characteristics could be distinguished for both park visitation and park-based PA. Overall, current results indicate that park upkeep was the most important park characteristic for park visitation as well as park-based PA among at risk subgroups (i.e. adolescents with lower overall PA levels, girls, older adolescents,…) followed by the presence of a playground or outdoor fitness equipment. Among the more active adolescents, especially boys visiting the parks together with friends, the presence of a sport field (soccer and basketball) seems to be the best strategy to increase park visitation as well as park-based PA. Current results provide a starting point to advise policy makers and urban planners when designing or renovating parks that investing in good upkeep and maintenance of parks, and the provision of a playground or outdoor fitness equipment might be the best strategy to increase both park visitation and park-based PA among at risk adolescent subgroups.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0212920
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, Mertens et al.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30120386

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