Examining the correlates of meal skipping in Australian young adults

Pendergast, Felicity, Livingstone, Katherine, Worsley, Anthony and McNaughton, Sarah 2019, Examining the correlates of meal skipping in Australian young adults, Nutrition journal, vol. 18, no. 1, doi: 10.1186/s12937-019-0451-5.

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Title Examining the correlates of meal skipping in Australian young adults
Author(s) Pendergast, Felicity
Livingstone, KatherineORCID iD for Livingstone, Katherine orcid.org/0000-0002-9682-7541
Worsley, AnthonyORCID iD for Worsley, Anthony orcid.org/0000-0002-4635-6059
McNaughton, SarahORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-9820
Journal name Nutrition journal
Volume number 18
Issue number 1
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2019-04-03
ISSN 1475-2891
Keyword(s) Correlates
Eating patterns
Meal skipping
Young adults
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
Summary BACKGROUND: Meal skipping is associated with diet-related chronic disease risk and is highly prevalent in young adults. Despite this, the correlates of meal skipping in this population group are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of meal skipping in young adults. METHODS: Young adults aged 18-30 years (n = 578) (24% male, 76% female) used 'FoodNow', a purpose designed real-time smartphone application to record food and beverage consumption over four non-consecutive days. The day following each reporting day, participants were asked about their previous day's eating occasions; if any eating occasions were not reported or if any were skipped. These data were used to categorise participants into specific meal skippers (breakfast, lunch and/or dinner skipper). Participants also completed an online questionnaire, which contained measures of correlates from the social-ecological framework across the individual, social-environmental and physical-environment domains. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations between specific meal skipping behaviours and measured correlates. RESULTS: Individual domain correlates (education status, smoking status and time scarcity) were associated with varying meal skipping behaviours, while no correlates from the social-environmental or physical-environmental domains of the social-ecological framework were associated with any meal skipping behaviours. Participants with a university education were less likely to be a meal skipper (any meal) (OR = 0.46; 95%CI: 0.22, 0.95; p = 0.035), while those who previously or currently smoked cigarettes were more likely to be breakfast skippers (OR = 1.10; 95%CI: 1.15, 3.86; p = 0.016) compared to those who had never smoked before. Those who are time scarce were more likely to be either breakfast (OR = 1.12; 95%CI: 1.00, 1.26; p = 0.036) or lunch skippers (OR = 1.11; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.23; p = 0.033). No variables were significantly associated with dinner skipping. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the correlates of meal skipping vary according to the specific meal skipped. University education status needs to be considered when designing interventions aimed at the reduction of meal skipping among young adults, while correlates such as time management and smoking status may offer potential behaviour change targets within these interventions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12937-019-0451-5
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Grant ID NHMRC 1104636
Copyright notice ©2019, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30120446

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