Child obesity prevalence across communities in New Zealand: 2010–2016

Gibb, Sheree, Shackleton, Nichola, Audas, Rick, Taylor, Barry, Swinburn, Boyd, Zhu, Tong, Taylor, Rachael, Derraik, Jose G. B., Cutfield, Wayne and Milne, Barry 2019, Child obesity prevalence across communities in New Zealand: 2010–2016, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 176-181, doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12881.

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Title Child obesity prevalence across communities in New Zealand: 2010–2016
Author(s) Gibb, Sheree
Shackleton, Nichola
Audas, Rick
Taylor, Barry
Swinburn, Boyd
Zhu, Tong
Taylor, Rachael
Derraik, Jose G. B.
Cutfield, Wayne
Milne, Barry
Journal name Australian and New Zealand journal of public health
Volume number 43
Issue number 2
Start page 176
End page 181
Total pages 6
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2019-04
ISSN 1326-0200
Summary © 2019 The Authors Objective: To assess community-level differences in four-year-old obesity prevalence in New Zealand (NZ), trends over time, and the extent to which differences can be explained by ethnicity, deprivation and urbanicity. Methods: Obesity measures from the Ministry of Health’s B4 School Check were available for 72–92% of NZ four-year-olds for fiscal years 2010/11–2015/16. Ethnicity, deprivation and urbanicity data for the 78 communities were obtained by linking to administrative records. Growth models were used to examine variability in obesity levels and trends over time, and the extent to which ethnicity, deprivation and urbanicity contributed to differences between communities. Results: There were large variations in obesity across communities (range 8.4% to 28.8%). A decline in the prevalence of childhood obesity was observed in most (48 of 78) communities from 2010/11 to 2015/16 (average change=0.2%, range=-2.0% to 1.9%). Around 50% of the variance in obesity between territorial authorities could be explained by differences in socioeconomic deprivation and ethnic composition. Conclusions: Child obesity varies between NZ communities, but most territorial authorities have experienced a decrease in obesity over the period 2010/11–2015/16. Implications for public health: Addressing deprivation and ethnic inequalities in obesity could substantially reduce community-level differences in obesity in NZ.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12881
Field of Research 1117 Public Health and Health Services
1402 Applied Economics
1605 Policy and Administration
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, The Authors
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