"Quitlink"-a randomized controlled trial of peer worker facilitated quitline support for smokers receiving mental health services: study protocol

Baker, Aamanda L., Borland, Ron, Bonevski, Billie, Segan, Catherine, Turner, Alyna, Brophy, Lisa, McCarter, Kristen, Kelly, Peter J., Williams, Jill M., Baird, Donita, Attia, John, Sweeney, Rohan, White, Sarah L., Filia, Sacha and Castle, David 2019, "Quitlink"-a randomized controlled trial of peer worker facilitated quitline support for smokers receiving mental health services: study protocol, Frontiers in psychiatry, vol. 10, doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00124.

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Title "Quitlink"-a randomized controlled trial of peer worker facilitated quitline support for smokers receiving mental health services: study protocol
Author(s) Baker, Aamanda L.
Borland, Ron
Bonevski, Billie
Segan, Catherine
Turner, AlynaORCID iD for Turner, Alyna orcid.org/0000-0001-7389-2546
Brophy, Lisa
McCarter, Kristen
Kelly, Peter J.
Williams, Jill M.
Baird, Donita
Attia, John
Sweeney, Rohan
White, Sarah L.
Filia, Sacha
Castle, David
Journal name Frontiers in psychiatry
Volume number 10
Article ID 124
Total pages 15
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-03
ISSN 1664-0640
Keyword(s) depression
mental illness
peer worker
psychosis
quitline
severe mental illness
smoking
smoking cessation
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychiatry
SMOKING-CESSATION INTERVENTION
LIFE-STYLE INTERVENTION
NICOTINE WITHDRAWAL
ILLNESS
PEOPLE
ABSTINENCE
RELAPSE
TRENDS
INDIVIDUALS
Summary Introduction: Although smokers with severe mental illnesses (SSMI) make quit attempts at comparable levels to other smokers, fewer are successful in achieving smoking cessation. Specialized smoking cessation treatments targeting their needs can be effective but have not been widely disseminated. Telephone delivered interventions, including by quitlines, show promise. However, few SSMI contact quitlines and few are referred to them by health professionals. Mental health peer workers can potentially play an important role in supporting smoking cessation. This study will apply a pragmatic model using peer workers to engage SSMI with a customized quitline service, forming the "Quitlink" intervention. Methods: A multi-center prospective, cluster-randomized, open, blinded endpoint (PROBE) trial. Over 3 years, 382 smokers will be recruited from mental health services in Victoria, Australia. Following completion of baseline assessment, a brief intervention will be delivered by a peer worker. Participants will then be randomly allocated either to no further intervention, or to be referred and contacted by the Victorian Quitline and offered a targeted 8-week cognitive behavioral intervention along with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Follow-up measures will be administered at 2-, 5-, and 8-months post-baseline. The primary outcome is 6 months continuous abstinence from end of treatment with biochemical verification. Secondary outcomes include 7-day point prevalence abstinence from smoking, increased quit attempts, and reductions in cigarettes per day, cravings and withdrawal, mental health symptoms, and other substance use, and improvements in quality of life. We will use a generalized linear mixed model (linear regression for continuous outcomes and logistic regression for dichotomous outcomes) to handle clustering and the repeated measures at baseline, 2-, 5-, and 8-months; individuals will be modeled as random effects, cluster as a random effect, and group assignment as a fixed effect. Discussion: This is the first rigorously designed RCT to evaluate a specialized quitline intervention accompanied by NRT among SSMI. The study will apply a pragmatic model to link SSMI to the Quitline, using peer workers, with the potential for wide dissemination. Clinical Trial Registration:Trial Registry: The trial is registered with ANZCTR (www.anzctr.org.au): ACTRN12619000244101 prior to the accrual of the first participant and updated regularly as per registry guidelines. Trial Sponsor: University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00124
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, Baker, Borland, Bonevski, Segan, Turner, Brophy, McCarter, Kelly, Williams, Baird, Attia, Sweeney, White, Filia and Castle
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30121664

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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