Nutritional intake, sports nutrition knowledge and energy availability in female Australian rules football players

Condo, Dominique, Lohman, Rachel, Kelly, Monica and Carr, Amelia 2019, Nutritional intake, sports nutrition knowledge and energy availability in female Australian rules football players, Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 5, doi: 10.3390/nu11050971.

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Title Nutritional intake, sports nutrition knowledge and energy availability in female Australian rules football players
Author(s) Condo, Dominique
Lohman, Rachel
Kelly, Monica
Carr, AmeliaORCID iD for Carr, Amelia orcid.org/0000-0003-3855-2540
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 11
Issue number 5
Article ID 971
Total pages 13
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-04-28
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) carbohydrate intake
female athletes
nutrition knowledge
nutritional recommendations
team sports
Summary This study aimed to assess nutritional intake, sports nutrition knowledge and risk of Low Energy Availability (LEA) in female Australian rules football players. Victorian Football League Women's competition (VFLW) players (n = 30) aged 18-35 (weight: 64.5 kg ± 8.0; height: 168.2 cm ± 7.6) were recruited from Victoria, Australia. Nutritional intake was quantified on training days using the Automated 24 h Dietary Assessment Tool (ASA24-Australia), and sports nutrition knowledge was measured by the 88-item Sports Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (SNKQ). The risk of LEA was assessed using the Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q). Daily mean carbohydrate intake in the current investigation was 3 g⋅kg-1⋅d-1, therefore, below the minimum carbohydrate recommendation for moderate exercise of approximately one hour per day (5-7 g⋅kg-1⋅d-1) and for moderate to intense exercise for 1-3 h per day (6-10 g⋅kg-1⋅d-1) for 96.3% and 100% of players, respectively. Daily mean protein intake was 1.5 g⋅kg-1⋅d-1, therefore, consistent with recommendations (1.2-2.0 g⋅kg-1⋅d-1) for 77.8% of players. Daily mean calcium intake was 924.8 mg⋅d-1, therefore, below recommendations (1000 mg⋅d-1) for 65.5% of players, while mean iron intake was 12.2 mg⋅d-1, also below recommendations (18 mg⋅d-1) for 100% of players. Players answered 54.5% of SNKQ questions correctly, with the lowest scores observed in the section on supplements. Risk of LEA was evident in 30% of players, with no differences in carbohydrate (p = 0.238), protein (p = 0.296), fat (p = 0.490) or energy (p = 0.971) intakes between players at risk of LEA and those not at risk. The results suggest that female Australian rules football players have an inadequate intake of carbohydrate and calcium and low sports nutrition knowledge. Further investigation to assess the risk of LEA using direct measures is required.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu11050971
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30121673

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