A suite of field manuals for marine sampling to monitor Australian waters

Przeslawski, Rachel, Foster, Scott, Monk, Jacquomo, Barrett, Neville, Bouchet, Phil, Carroll, Andrew, Langlois, Tim, Lucieer, Vanessa, Williams, Joel and Bax, Nicholas 2019, A suite of field manuals for marine sampling to monitor Australian waters, Frontiers in marine science, vol. 6, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00177.

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Title A suite of field manuals for marine sampling to monitor Australian waters
Author(s) Przeslawski, Rachel
Foster, Scott
Monk, JacquomoORCID iD for Monk, Jacquomo orcid.org/0000-0002-1874-0619
Barrett, Neville
Bouchet, Phil
Carroll, Andrew
Langlois, Tim
Lucieer, Vanessa
Williams, Joel
Bax, Nicholas
Journal name Frontiers in marine science
Volume number 6
Article ID 177
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2019
ISSN 2296-7745
Keyword(s) multibeam
marine imaging
box corer
epibenthic sled
autonomous under water vehicle
survey design
marine monitoring
Summary One of the main challenges in assessing marine biodiversity is the lack of consistent approaches to monitor it. This threatens to undermine ocean best practice in marine monitoring, as it impedes a reduction in the bias and variance of sampled data and restricts the confidence in the advice that can be given. In particular, there is potential for confounding between the monitoring methods, their measured ecological properties, and the questions they seek to answer. Australia has developed significant long-term marine monitoring and observing programs and has one of the largest marine estates, including the world's largest representative network of marine parks. This new network will require ongoing monitoring and evaluation, beyond what direct funding can support, which needs to be integrated in a standardized way with other national programs to develop sufficient monitoring capacity. The aim of this paper is to describe the process undertaken in developing a suite of field manuals that provide Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for marine sampling in Australian waters so that data are comparable over time and space, thereby supporting a robust, cost-effective, and objective national monitoring program. We encourage readers to refer to the complete manuals of interest at www.nespmarine.edu.au/field-manuals. We generally limit SOP development to benthic or demersal sampling, (multibeam, autonomous underwater vehicles, baited remoted underwater video (BRUV), towed imagery, grabs and box corers, sleds and trawls), with a few exceptions (e.g., pelagic BRUVs). Collaboration was a key characteristic of our approach so rather than single groups trying to impose their standards, more than 70 individuals from over 30 organizations contributed to the first version of this field manual package. We also discuss the challenges that arose while developing these national SOPs, the associated solutions that were implemented, and the plans for ensuring their long-term maintenance and national and international uptake. We anticipate that this paper will contribute to international collaborations by evoking valuable suggestions and sharing of lessons learnt from other national initiatives so that we might work toward a global ocean best practice for biological and geoscientific monitoring of the marine environment.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00177
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, Przeslawski, Foster, Monk, Barrett, Bouchet, Carroll, Langlois, Lucieer, Williams and Bax
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30121831

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