Activity-related behavior typologies in youth: a systematic review

Parker, Kate, Salmon, Jo-Ann, Costigan, Sarah, Villanueva, Karen, Brown, Helen and Timperio, Anna 2019, Activity-related behavior typologies in youth: a systematic review, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 16, no. 1, doi: 10.1186/s12966-019-0804-7.

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Title Activity-related behavior typologies in youth: a systematic review
Author(s) Parker, Kate
Salmon, Jo-AnnORCID iD for Salmon, Jo-Ann
Costigan, SarahORCID iD for Costigan, Sarah
Villanueva, Karen
Brown, HelenORCID iD for Brown, Helen
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 16
Issue number 1
Article ID 44
Total pages 13
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2019-05-16
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) Adolescents
Physical activity
Sedentary behavior
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
Summary BACKGROUND: Clusters of adolescents differentiated by patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior (activity-related typologies) are common. Understanding both the characteristics of adolescents and modifiable correlates of these typologies, can help to develop interventions for those most at risk. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the socio-demographic characteristics and modifiable correlates of activity-related behavioral typologies among adolescents. METHODS: A systematic search of seven electronic databases was conducted to identify quantitative studies using person-oriented statistical approaches to identify activity-related behavioral typologies among 12-18 year-olds. This systematic review was registered in Prospero (registration number: CRD42016046879). RESULTS: Thirty-six studies met the inclusion criteria and were classified according to three sub-themes based on behaviors included in the typologies (1. physical activity and sedentary behavior only; 2. physical activity, sedentary behavior and risk-related behaviors; 3. physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet). Studies were mostly cross-sectional and relied on self-report measures. Methods were considerably heterogeneous, however results revealed some consistency in typologies within specific groups. For example, typologies characterized by unhealthy behavior patterns (e.g., characterized by physical inactivity, high sedentary behavior and poor diet or high risk-related behaviors) comprised more older adolescents. With the exception of socio-demographics (age, sex, body mass index and socio-economic status), very few correlates have been studied to date (mostly school-related behavioral factors and intrapersonal influences), with evidence largely from typologies comprised of physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet. CONCLUSIONS: More research is needed to assess a range of modifiable correlates associated with activity-related behavior typologies among adolescents. This will allow for more targeted interventions, to achieve long-lasting, positive behavior change in adolescent populations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12966-019-0804-7
Field of Research 11 Medical and Health Sciences
13 Education
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, The Authors
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