Dietary and activity factors influence poor sleep and the sleep-obesity nexus among children

Morrissey, Bridget, Allender, Steven and Strugnell, Claudia 2019, Dietary and activity factors influence poor sleep and the sleep-obesity nexus among children, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 16, no. 10, doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101778.

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Title Dietary and activity factors influence poor sleep and the sleep-obesity nexus among children
Author(s) Morrissey, Bridget
Allender, StevenORCID iD for Allender, Steven orcid.org/0000-0002-4842-3294
Strugnell, ClaudiaORCID iD for Strugnell, Claudia orcid.org/0000-0001-5912-9720
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 16
Issue number 10
Article ID 1778
Total pages 17
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-05-20
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) children
obesity
physical activity
screen time
sleep
sleep problem
sleep quality
sugar sweetened beverage
weight status
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
CHILDHOOD OBESITY
REPORTED SLEEP
BODY-WEIGHT
DURATION
ADOLESCENTS
QUALITY
ASSOCIATION
Summary Background: Behavioral factors such as physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet have previously been found to be key modifiable determinants of childhood overweight and obesity, yet require further investigation to provide an understanding of their potential influence on sleep outcomes along with the sleep-obesity nexus. Methods: The study included 2253 students (ages 8.8-13.5) from two monitoring studies across regional Victoria. Students completed a self-report electronic questionnaire on demographic characteristics, health behaviors (including sleep, physical activity, screen time and diet) and well-being, and were invited to have anthropometric measurements (height and weight) taken. Regression models were used to assess the associations between sleep, behavioral factors and BMI z-scores. Results: Screen time (particularly in bed) and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption were shown to increase the likelihood of having more than three sleep problems, while physical activity and other dietary factors were not. After controlling for these behaviors, significance remained for having two or more than three sleep problems and an increased odds of overweight/obesity. Conclusions: This study highlights how the usage of screen devices and SSB consumption behaviors might influence children's weight status via the sleep-obesity nexus.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph16101778
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2019, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30123188

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