Do differences in social environments explain gender differences in recreational walking across neighbourhoods?

Ghani, Fatima, Rachele, Jerome N., Loh, Venurs H. Y., Washington, Simon and Turrell, Gavin 2019, Do differences in social environments explain gender differences in recreational walking across neighbourhoods?, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 16, no. 11, doi: 10.3390/ijerph16111980.

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Title Do differences in social environments explain gender differences in recreational walking across neighbourhoods?
Author(s) Ghani, Fatima
Rachele, Jerome N.
Loh, Venurs H. Y.ORCID iD for Loh, Venurs H. Y.
Washington, Simon
Turrell, Gavin
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 16
Issue number 11
Article ID 1980
Total pages 18
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-06
ISSN 1661-7827
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
gender equality
recreational walking
social environment
between-neighbourhood variation
multilevel modelling
random coefficients
urban planning
ecological interventions
sustainable development goals
sustainable cities and communities
Summary © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Within a city, gender differences in walking for recreation (WfR) vary significantly across neighbourhoods, although the reasons remain unknown. This cross-sectional study investigated the contribution of the social environment (SE) to explaining such variation, using 2009 data from the How Areas in Brisbane Influence healTh and AcTivity (HABITAT) study, including 7866 residents aged 42–67 years within 200 neighbourhoods in Brisbane, Australia (72.6% response rate). The analytical sample comprised 200 neighbourhoods and 6643 participants (mean 33 per neighbourhood, range 8–99, 95% CI 30.6–35.8). Self-reported weekly minutes of WfR were categorised into 0 and 1–840 mins. The SE was conceptualised through neighbourhood-level perceptions of social cohesion, incivilities and safety from crime. Analyses included multilevel binomial logistic regression with gender as main predictor, adjusting for age, socioeconomic position, residential self-selection and neighbourhood disadvantage. On average, women walked more for recreation than men prior to adjustment for covariates. Gender differences in WfR varied significantly across neighbourhoods, and the magnitude of the variation for women was twice that of men. The SE did not explain neighbourhood differences in the gender–WfR relationship, nor the between-neighbourhood variation in WfR for men or women. Neighbourhood-level factors seem to influence the WfR of men and women differently, with women being more sensitive to their environment, although Brisbane’s SE did not seem such a factor.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph16111980
Indigenous content off
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, The Authors
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