Structural brain development: a review of methodological approaches and best practices

Vijayakumar, Nandita, Mills, Kathryn L., Alexander-Bloch, Aaron, Tamnes, Christian K. and Whittle, Sarah 2018, Structural brain development: a review of methodological approaches and best practices, Developmental cognitive neuroscience, vol. 33, pp. 129-148, doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2017.11.008.

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Title Structural brain development: a review of methodological approaches and best practices
Author(s) Vijayakumar, NanditaORCID iD for Vijayakumar, Nandita
Mills, Kathryn L.
Alexander-Bloch, Aaron
Tamnes, Christian K.
Whittle, Sarah
Journal name Developmental cognitive neuroscience
Volume number 33
Start page 129
End page 148
Total pages 20
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2018-10
ISSN 1878-9293
Keyword(s) Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychology, Developmental
Neurosciences & Neurology
Structural MRI
Brain development
Longitudinal analyses
Summary © 2017 The Authors Continued advances in neuroimaging technologies and statistical modelling capabilities have improved our knowledge of structural brain development in children and adolescents. While this has provided an increasingly nuanced understanding of brain development, the field is still plagued by inconsistent findings. This review highlights the methodological diversity in existing longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies on structural brain development during childhood and adolescence, and addresses how such variation might contribute to inconsistencies in the literature. We discuss the impact of method choices at multiple decision points across the research process, from study design and sample selection, to image processing and statistical analysis. We also highlight the extent to which different methodological considerations have been empirically examined, drawing attention to specific areas that would benefit from future investigation. Where appropriate, we recommend certain best practices that would be beneficial for the field to adopt, including greater completeness and transparency in reporting methods, in order to ultimately develop an accurate and detailed understanding of normative child and adolescent brain development.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.dcn.2017.11.008
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
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School of Psychology
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