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Observed measures of negative parenting predict brain development during adolescence

Whittle, S, Vijayakumar, Nandita, Dennison, M, Schwartz, O, Simmons, JG, Sheeber, L and Allen, NB 2016, Observed measures of negative parenting predict brain development during adolescence, PLoS ONE, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1-15, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147774.

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Title Observed measures of negative parenting predict brain development during adolescence
Author(s) Whittle, S
Vijayakumar, NanditaORCID iD for Vijayakumar, Nandita orcid.org/0000-0002-5622-9547
Dennison, M
Schwartz, O
Simmons, JG
Sheeber, L
Allen, NB
Journal name PLoS ONE
Volume number 11
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Publisher PLOS
Place of publication San Francisco, CA
Publication date 2016-01-29
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) Parenting behavior
Brain development
Adolescents
Magnetic resonance imaging
Behavior
Parietal lobe
Aggression
Emotions
Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
HUMAN CEREBRAL-CORTEX
COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT
EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
EMOTION REGULATION
LATE CHILDHOOD
MATTER VOLUME
MATURATION
DISORDERS
CHILDREN
Summary Limited attention has been directed toward the influence of non-abusive parenting behaviour on brain structure in adolescents. It has been suggested that environmental influences during this period are likely to impact the way that the brain develops over time. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between aggressive and positive parenting behaviors on brain development from early to late adolescence, and in turn, psychological and academic functioning during late adolescence, using a multi-wave longitudinal design. Three hundred and sixty seven magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were obtained over three time points from 166 adolescents (11-20 years). At the first time point, observed measures of maternal aggressive and positive behaviors were obtained. At the final time point, measures of psychological and academic functioning were obtained. Results indicated that a higher frequency of maternal aggressive behavior was associated with alterations in the development of right superior frontal and lateral parietal cortical thickness, and of nucleus accumbens volume, in males. Development of the superior frontal cortex in males mediated the relationship between maternal aggressive behaviour and measures of late adolescent functioning. We suggest that our results support an association between negative parenting and adolescent functioning, which may be mediated by immature or delayed brain maturation.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0147774
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2016, Whittle et al.
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30123623

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.