Prefrontal structural correlates of cognitive control during adolescent development: a 4-year longitudinal study

Vijayakumar, Nandita, Whittle, Sarah, Yücel, Murat, Dennison, Meg, Simmons, Julian and Allen, Nicholas B. 2014, Prefrontal structural correlates of cognitive control during adolescent development: a 4-year longitudinal study, Journal of cognitive neuroscience, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 1118-1130, doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00549.

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Title Prefrontal structural correlates of cognitive control during adolescent development: a 4-year longitudinal study
Author(s) Vijayakumar, NanditaORCID iD for Vijayakumar, Nandita orcid.org/0000-0002-5622-9547
Whittle, Sarah
Yücel, Murat
Dennison, Meg
Simmons, Julian
Allen, Nicholas B.
Journal name Journal of cognitive neuroscience
Volume number 26
Issue number 5
Start page 1118
End page 1130
Total pages 13
Publisher MIT Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Mass.
Publication date 2014-05
ISSN 0898-929X
1530-8898
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Social Sciences
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Neurosciences
Psychology, Experimental
Neurosciences & Neurology
Psychology
WHITE-MATTER MICROSTRUCTURE
EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
CORTICAL THICKNESS
WORKING-MEMORY
BRAIN-DEVELOPMENT
SEX-DIFFERENCES
STROOP TASK
CHILDHOOD
MATURATION
CHILDREN
Summary Maturation of cognitive control abilities has been attributed to the protracted structural maturation of underlying neural correlates during adolescence. This study examined the relationship between development of two forms of cognitive control (proactive and reactive control) and structural maturation of the ACC, dorsolateral pFC, and ventrolateral pFC (vlPFC) between early and mid adolescence using a longitudinal design. Adolescents (n = 92) underwent baseline assessments when they were 12 years old and follow-up assessments approximately 4 years later. At each assessment, structural MRI scans were acquired, and a modified Stroop task was performed. Results showed longitudinal improvements in reactive control between early and mid adolescence. Furthermore, magnitude of the improvement in proactive control was associated with reduced thinning of the right vlPFC across the sample, whereas the magnitude of the improvements in reactive control was associated with reduced thinning of the left ACC inmen alone. These findings suggest that individual differences in the maturation of ACC and vlPFC underlie the development of two distinct forms of cognitive control between early and mid adolescence as well as highlight sex differences in this relationship. © 2014 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Language eng
DOI 10.1162/jocn_a_00549
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1109 Neurosciences
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30123626

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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