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Food addiction and its impact on weight-based stigma and the treatment of obese individuals in the U.S. and Australia

Lee, Natalia M, Hall, Wayne D, Lucke, Jayne, Forlini, Cynthia and Carter, Adrian 2014, Food addiction and its impact on weight-based stigma and the treatment of obese individuals in the U.S. and Australia, Nutrients, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 5312-5326, doi: 10.3390/nu6115312.

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Title Food addiction and its impact on weight-based stigma and the treatment of obese individuals in the U.S. and Australia
Author(s) Lee, Natalia M
Hall, Wayne D
Lucke, Jayne
Forlini, CynthiaORCID iD for Forlini, Cynthia orcid.org/0000-0003-3809-8229
Carter, Adrian
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 6
Issue number 11
Start page 5312
End page 5326
Total pages 15
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2014-11
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) Addiction
Attitudes
Obesity
Stigma
Responsibility
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
Summary It is argued that food addiction explanations of obesity may reduce the significant stigma levelled at obese and overweight individuals. We surveyed 479 adults to determine the prevalence of food addiction in the U.S. (n = 215) and, for the first time, in Australia (n = 264) using the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also assessed the level of weight-based stigma in this population. The prevalence of food addiction in our Australian sample was 11%, similar to U.S. participants and consistent with previous studies. Those who met criteria for diagnosis had a larger mean BMI (33.8 kg/m2) than those who did not (26.5 kg/m2). Overall, the level of stigma towards others was low and differed significantly based on BMI, predominately among normal weight and obese participants (p = 0.0036). Obese individuals scored higher on certain measures of stigma, possibly reflecting individual experiences of stigma rather than negative attitudes towards other obese individuals (p = 0.0091). Despite significant support for a “food addiction” explanation of obesity, participants still valued personal responsibility in overcoming obesity and did not support coercive approaches to treat their “addiction”.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu6115312
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30125040

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.