Ecological correlates of activity-related behavior typologies among adolescents

Parker, Kate E, Salmon, Jo, Villanueva, Karen, Mavoa, Suzanne, Veitch, Jenny, Brown, Helen L and Timperio, Anna 2019, Ecological correlates of activity-related behavior typologies among adolescents, BMC public health, vol. 19, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7386-9.

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Title Ecological correlates of activity-related behavior typologies among adolescents
Author(s) Parker, Kate E
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo
Villanueva, Karen
Mavoa, Suzanne
Veitch, JennyORCID iD for Veitch, Jenny
Brown, Helen LORCID iD for Brown, Helen L
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 19
Article ID 1041
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2019
ISSN 1471-2458
Keyword(s) Typologies
Physical activity
Sedentary behavior
Ecological framework
Geographic information systems
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Summary Background: Adolescents engage in various combinations (typologies) of physical activity and sedentary behaviors, which impact their health and wellbeing in different ways. As such, there is a need to understand the factors that may inhibit or facilitate engagement in combinations of activity-related behaviors to help inform effective intervention strategies targeting those most in need. The aim of this study was to identify ecological correlates of adolescent physical activity and sedentary behavior typologies. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 473 adolescents (15.0 ± 1.6 years, 41.4% boys) from 18 secondary schools in Melbourne, Australia. Intrapersonal, interpersonal and neighborhood-physical environmental factors were assessed via self-report surveys and Geographic Information Systems. Multinomial logistic regression models determined the relative risk ratio of membership of three homogenous activity-related behavior typologies based on the potential correlates. Results: Higher levels of self-efficacy for physical activity, parental screen-time restriction rules, parental support for physical activity, sibling screen-time co-participation and perceptions of neighborhood pedestrian/traffic safety were associated with greater likelihood of adolescents being in the typology defined as highly active and low sedentary compared to the physically inactive, highly sedentary typology. Higher frequency of co-participation in screen-time with friends was associated with greater likelihood of adolescents being in the typology defined as moderately active, high screen-time compared to physically inactive, highly sedentary. Conclusions: A range of intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental correlates appear to play a role in adolescent activity-related typology membership. The findings may inform public health interventions targeting unique adolescent subgroups most at risk of poor health outcomes based on their engagement in combinations of activity-related behaviors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12889-019-7386-9
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1117 Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, The Author(s)
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