Dysfunctional personality beliefs linked to emotion recognition deficits in individuals with cocaine addiction and personality disorders

Albein-Urios, Natalia, Martinez-Gonzalez, Jose M., Lozano-Rojas, Oscar and Verdejo-Garcia, Antonio 2019, Dysfunctional personality beliefs linked to emotion recognition deficits in individuals with cocaine addiction and personality disorders, Frontiers in psychiatry, vol. 10, doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00431.

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Title Dysfunctional personality beliefs linked to emotion recognition deficits in individuals with cocaine addiction and personality disorders
Author(s) Albein-Urios, NataliaORCID iD for Albein-Urios, Natalia orcid.org/0000-0001-7841-018X
Martinez-Gonzalez, Jose M.
Lozano-Rojas, Oscar
Verdejo-Garcia, Antonio
Journal name Frontiers in psychiatry
Volume number 10
Article ID 431
Total pages 6
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-06-18
ISSN 1664-0640
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychiatry
emotion recognition
personality disorders
cocaine use disorder
personality beliefs
antisocial beliefs
FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
FEAR RECOGNITION
DEPENDENCE
SEVERITY
ALCOHOL
ABUSE
USERS
Summary © 2007-2019 Frontiers Media S.A. All Rights Reserved. Background: Facial emotion recognition is impaired in addiction and personality disorders. Dysfunctional personality beliefs reflect negative interpersonal schemas that may underpin emotion recognition deficits. We aimed to examine the association between personality beliefs and emotion recognition among participants with cocaine use disorder including those with comorbid personality disorders. Methods: We recruited 70 participants with cocaine use disorder aged between 19 and 52 who had used 14 g of cocaine over 4.8 years on average. Thirty-eight participants had an additional personality disorder (11 Borderline, 7 Histrionic, 5 Antisocial, 10 Avoidant, and 5 Obsessive-Compulsive). Dysfunctional beliefs were indicated with the Personality Belief Questionnaire, and facial emotion recognition was indicated with the Ekman's Test. We applied correlations/multiple regressions to test the relationship between beliefs and emotion recognition. Results: Personality beliefs reflecting paranoid, borderline, and antisocial schemas were negatively associated with emotion recognition. Antisocial beliefs were associated with poorer recognition of fear, and paranoid beliefs with poorer recognition of disgust. Antisocial beliefs were significantly associated with emotion recognition after adjusting for cocaine use. Conclusion: Dysfunctional personality beliefs are associated with poorer emotion recognition in cocaine addiction. Personality-related negative schemas about the self and others can impact social cognition and interaction during cocaine treatment.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00431
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, Albein-Urios, Martinez-Gonzalez, Lozano-Rojas and Verdejo-Garcia.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30128802

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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