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Chronic periodontitis and smoking: prevalence and dose-response relationship

Khan, Shahrukh, Khalid, Taimur and Awan, Kamran H. 2016, Chronic periodontitis and smoking: prevalence and dose-response relationship, Saudi medical journal, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 889-894, doi: 10.15537/smj.2016.8.14223.

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Title Chronic periodontitis and smoking: prevalence and dose-response relationship
Author(s) Khan, ShahrukhORCID iD for Khan, Shahrukh orcid.org/0000-0002-6695-4013
Khalid, Taimur
Awan, Kamran H.
Journal name Saudi medical journal
Volume number 37
Issue number 8
Start page 889
End page 894
Total pages 6
Publisher Saudi Arabian Armed Forces Hospital
Place of publication Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Publication date 2016-08
ISSN 0379-5284
1658-3175
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
RISK-FACTORS
CIGARETTE-SMOKING
TOBACCO SMOKING
BONE LOSS
DISEASE
HEALTH
ASSOCIATION
POPULATION
INDICATORS
IMPACT
Summary © 2016, Saudi Arabian Armed Forces Hospital. All rights reserved. Objectives: To determine the prevalence and doseresponse relationship of chronic periodontitis among smokers in Pakistan. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study among participants seeking dental care in Karachi Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 443 participants with a mean age of 44.3 (±6.5) participated in the study from April 2011 to December 2011. Males comprised 64.7%, and females comprised 35.2%. Participants were interviewed on social demographics and oral habits. Participants with shallow pockets (3.5-5.5 mm) and deep pockets (>5.5 mm) were considered suffering from chronic periodontitis. The characteristics of participants were assessed using frequency distribution for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables. Results: Among 443 participants, smokers were distributed as 55.1% and non-smokers as 44.9%. Smoking was found to be significantly related to young adults (p<0.007), male gender (p<0.001), and lower education level (p<0.01). Overall prevalence of chronic periodontitis among smokers was estimated at 81.6%. Heavy smoking was found to have significantly high prevalence (p<0.001) and severity (p<0.001) of periodontitis as compared with moderate and light smokers. The multivariate unadjusted model depicted 3.5 times higher risk of chronic periodontitis among smokers (p<0.001). Conclusion: Chronic periodontitis had a high prevalence among smokers. Heavy smoking was found to have a higher risk for having periodontitis.
Language eng
DOI 10.15537/smj.2016.8.14223
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 11 Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2016, Saudi Arabian Armed Forces Hospital
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30129265

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.