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Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Indonesian adults aged ≥40 years: findings from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS)

Hussain, Mohammad Akhtar, Al Mamun, Abdullah, Reid, Christopher and Huxley, Rachel 2016, Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Indonesian adults aged ≥40 years: findings from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), PLoS ONE, vol. 11, no. 8, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160922.

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Title Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Indonesian adults aged ≥40 years: findings from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS)
Author(s) Hussain, Mohammad Akhtar
Al Mamun, Abdullah
Reid, Christopher
Huxley, RachelORCID iD for Huxley, Rachel orcid.org/0000-0002-2705-6616
Journal name PLoS ONE
Volume number 11
Issue number 8
Total pages 16
Publisher Public Library of Science
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2016-08
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
BODY-MASS INDEX
BLOOD-PRESSURE
RISK-FACTORS
ASSOCIATION
COUNTRIES
MORTALITY
CHENNAI
AFRICA
BURDEN
HEALTH
Summary © 2016 Hussain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Objective Hypertension is the major driver of the cardiovascular epidemic facing Indonesia in the 21st century. Understanding the socioeconomic inequalities associated with hypertension is essential for designing effective intervention strategies. The aim of the current study was to use sub-nationally representative survey data to examine socio-demographic inequalities in the prevalence, diagnosis and management of hypertension in Indonesian adults. Methods We investigated factors associated with hypertension prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and control using data on self-reported diagnosis and treatment, and blood pressure measurements, collected from 9755 respondents aged 40 years and up in the 2007 Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS 4). Results Age-standardized prevalence of hypertension among the study participants was 47.8% (95% CI: 46.8, 48.9), of which almost 70% were undiagnosed. Hypertension was significantly higher in women than men (52.3% versus 43.1%, p-value<0.001). Prevalence of hypertension increased significantly with ageing (Pfor trend <0.001). Over 91% (men: 92.1%, women: 90.0%) of hypertension cases were uncontrolled. Gender, education and socioeconomic status had differential impact on the diagnosis of hypertension and in receiving treatment. Conclusions Overall, less than a third were aware of their hypertension and a quarter of those on medication had their blood pressure effectively controlled. Men and those of younger age were more vulnerable to have undiagnosed and untreated hypertension. Substantial effort should be given to improve awareness about the condition and making provision for early diagnosis and treatment.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0160922
Indigenous content off
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30131910

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
PVC's Office - Health
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.