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Job insecurity: a comparative analysis between migrant and native workers in Australia

Liu, Xiaomin, Bowe, Steven J., Milner, Allison, Li, Lin, Too, Lay San and LaMontagne, Anthony D. 2019, Job insecurity: a comparative analysis between migrant and native workers in Australia, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 16, no. 21, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.3390/ijerph16214159.

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Title Job insecurity: a comparative analysis between migrant and native workers in Australia
Author(s) Liu, Xiaomin
Bowe, Steven J.ORCID iD for Bowe, Steven J. orcid.org/0000-0003-3813-842X
Milner, AllisonORCID iD for Milner, Allison orcid.org/0000-0003-4657-0503
Li, Lin
Too, Lay San
LaMontagne, Anthony D.ORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D. orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 16
Issue number 21
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2019-10
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
job stressor
occupational exposure
immigrant
overseas-born
native workers
PSYCHOSOCIAL WORKING-CONDITIONS
MENTAL-HEALTH
IMMIGRANTS
DISCRIMINATION
SATISFACTION
STRATEGIES
RECESSION
STRESS
Summary Job insecurity is a modifiable risk factor for poor health outcomes, and exposure to job insecurity varies by population groups. This study assessed if job insecurity exposure varied by migrant status and if the differences varied by gender, age, educational attainment, and occupational skill level. Data were from wave 14 of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey. The outcome was job insecurity. Exposure was migrant status defined by (1) the country of birth (COB), (2) the dominant language of the COB, and (3) the number of years since arrival in Australia. Data were analysed using linear regression, adjusting for gender, age, educational attainment, and occupational skill level. These covariates were also analysed as effect modifiers for the migrant status–job insecurity relationships. Migrant workers, especially those from non-English speaking countries (non-ESC-born), experienced higher job insecurity than Australia-born workers; however, these disparities disappeared after 11+ years post-arrival. The migrant status–job insecurity relationships were modified by educational attainment. Unexpectedly, the disparities in job insecurity between non-ESC-born migrants and Australia-born workers increased with increasing educational attainment, and for those most highly educated, the disparities persisted beyond 11 years post-arrival. Our findings suggested that continuing language skill support and discrimination prevention could facilitate migrant integration into the Australian labour market.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph16214159
Indigenous content off
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, by the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30131971

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.