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Overhauling ocean spatial planning to improve marine megafauna conservation

Sequeira, Ana Micaela Martins, Hays, Graeme, Sims, David W., Eguiluz, Victor M., Rodriguez, Jorge P., Heupel, Michelle R., Harcourt, Rob, Calich, Hannah, Queiroz, Nuno, Costa, Daniel P., Fernandez-Gracia, Juan, Ferreira, Luciana C., Goldsworthy, Simon David, Hindell, Mark A., Lea, Mary-Anne, Meekan, Mark G., Pagano, Anthony M., Shaffer, Scott A., Reisser, Julia, Thums, Michele, Weise, Michael and Duarte, Carlos M. 2019, Overhauling ocean spatial planning to improve marine megafauna conservation, Frontiers in marine science, vol. 6, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00639.

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Title Overhauling ocean spatial planning to improve marine megafauna conservation
Author(s) Sequeira, Ana Micaela Martins
Hays, GraemeORCID iD for Hays, Graeme orcid.org/0000-0002-3314-8189
Sims, David W.
Eguiluz, Victor M.
Rodriguez, Jorge P.
Heupel, Michelle R.
Harcourt, Rob
Calich, Hannah
Queiroz, Nuno
Costa, Daniel P.
Fernandez-Gracia, Juan
Ferreira, Luciana C.
Goldsworthy, Simon David
Hindell, Mark A.
Lea, Mary-Anne
Meekan, Mark G.
Pagano, Anthony M.
Shaffer, Scott A.
Reisser, Julia
Thums, Michele
Weise, Michael
Duarte, Carlos M.
Journal name Frontiers in marine science
Volume number 6
Article ID 639
Total pages 12
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2019
ISSN 2296-7745
2296-7745
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Marine & Freshwater Biology
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
global ocean conservation and policy
real-time management
marine megafauna tracking data
Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
global repository
improved data sharing
Global Ocean Observing System
DYNAMIC OCEAN
MANAGEMENT
TRACKING
EFFICIENCY
PREDATOR
COASTAL
SHIFTS
Summary Tracking data have led to evidence-based conservation of marine megafauna, but a disconnect remains between the many 1000s of individual animals that have been tracked and the use of these data in conservation and management actions. Furthermore, the focus of most conservation efforts is within Exclusive Economic Zones despite the ability of these species to move 1000s of kilometers across multiple national jurisdictions. To assist the goal of the United Nations General Assembly’s recent effort to negotiate a global treaty to conserve biodiversity on the high seas, we propose the development of a new frontier in dynamic marine spatial management. We argue that a global approach combining tracked movements of marine megafauna and human activities at-sea, and using existing and emerging technologies (e.g., through new tracking devices and big data approaches) can be applied to deliver near real-time diagnostics on existing risks and threats to mitigate global risks for marine megafauna. With technology developments over the next decade expected to catalyze the potential to survey marine animals and human activities in ever more detail and at global scales, the development of dynamic predictive tools based on near real-time tracking and environmental data will become crucial to address increasing risks. Such global tools for dynamic spatial and temporal management will, however, require extensive synoptic data updates and will be dependent on a shift to a culture of data sharing and open access. We propose a global mechanism to store and make such data available in near real-time, enabling a holistic view of space use by marine megafauna and humans that would significantly accelerate efforts to mitigate impacts and improve conservation and management of marine megafauna.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00639
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30132743

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.