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Australia's awareness of cardiac arrest and rates of CPR training: Results from the Heart Foundation's HeartWatch survey

Cartledge, S, Saxton, D, Finn, J and Bray, JE 2020, Australia's awareness of cardiac arrest and rates of CPR training: Results from the Heart Foundation's HeartWatch survey, BMJ Open, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033722.

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Title Australia's awareness of cardiac arrest and rates of CPR training: Results from the Heart Foundation's HeartWatch survey
Author(s) Cartledge, SORCID iD for Cartledge, S orcid.org/0000-0002-6837-2244
Saxton, D
Finn, J
Bray, JE
Journal name BMJ Open
Volume number 10
Issue number 1
Article ID e033722
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-01-06
ISSN 2044-6055
2044-6055
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
resuscitation
education & training (see medical education & training)
public health
PERFORMING CARDIOPULMONARY-RESUSCITATION
2015 INTERNATIONAL CONSENSUS
CARDIOVASCULAR CARE SCIENCE
BYSTANDER CPR
LIFE-SUPPORT
SURVIVAL
IMPLEMENTATION
EDUCATION
OUTCOMES
Summary Objective: We aimed to provide the first national estimates of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training and awareness of cardiac arrest.
 
Design: A retrospective analysis of a national cross-sectional survey was undertaken. Data were collected online from adults in July 2017 as part of the Heart Foundation of Australia’s HeartWatch survey. We used logistic regression to examine demographic factors associated with CPR training.   
 
Participants: A national cohort was invited to participate in the survey using purposive, non-probability sampling methods with quotas for age, gender and area of residence, in order to reflect the wider Australian population. The final sample consisted of 1076 respondents.
 
Main outcome measure: To determine an estimation of the prevalence of cardiac arrest awareness and CPR training at a national level and the relationship of training to demographic factors.
 
Results: The majority (76%) of respondents were born in Australia with 51% female and 66% aged between 35 and 64 years. Only 16% of respondents could identify the difference between a cardiac arrest and a heart attack. While 56% reported previous CPR training, only 22% were currently trained (within 1 year). CPR training was associated with younger age (35 to 54 years) (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.0), being born in Australia (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.17) and higher levels of education (university, OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.57). CPR training increased confidence in respondents ability to perform effective CPR and use a defibrillator. Lack of CPR training was the most common reason why respondents would not provide CPR to a stranger.
 
Conclusions: There is a need to improve the community’s understanding of cardiac arrest, and to increase awareness and training in CPR. CPR training rates have not changed over the past decades—new initiatives are needed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033722
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, Author(s) (or their employer(s))
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30134188

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.