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A review of alcohol and drug education and early intervention programs in Australian government schools

Rowland, Bosco, Benstead, Michelle, Ghayour Minaie, Matin, Renner, Heidi, Smith, Rachel and Toumbourou, John W 2019, A review of alcohol and drug education and early intervention programs in Australian government schools, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic..

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Title A review of alcohol and drug education and early intervention programs in Australian government schools
Author(s) Rowland, BoscoORCID iD for Rowland, Bosco orcid.org/0000-0003-0192-809X
Benstead, MichelleORCID iD for Benstead, Michelle orcid.org/0000-0002-4470-9893
Ghayour Minaie, MatinORCID iD for Ghayour Minaie, Matin orcid.org/0000-0001-7366-3516
Renner, Heidi
Smith, Rachel
Toumbourou, John WORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Contributor(s) Kelly, Adrian
Miller, Anne
Reilly, Rachel
Staiger, PetraORCID iD for Staiger, Petra orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-5015
Varcoe, Shane
Wiggers, John
Hodder, Rebecca
Publication date 2019-07-31
Total pages 44
Publisher Deakin University
Place of publication Burwood, Vic.
Keyword(s) alcohol
drugs
prevention
school
drug education
demand reduction
Summary In recent decades, reductions have been observed in Australian school student alcohol and drug use. A range of effective alcohol and drug use programs and policies have contributed to the decline in youth alcohol and drug use. The changing context of youth alcohol and drug use introduces the need to review future prevention and early intervention targets against school programs and policies to establish new direction. This report reviews alcohol and drug use prevention and early interventionapproaches used in Australian government schools. First, a literature review is presented summarising the evidence for effective programs and the theoretical mechanisms that underpin successful behaviour change. Second, the report assesses to what extent the current alcohol and drug use prevention and early intervention approaches used in Australian government schools accord with projected needs and theevidence for effective programs. The literature review completed for this report identified that there are an increasing number of evidence-based alcohol and drug use prevention and early intervention approaches available to Australian schools. However, our examination of state government websites and surveys of school staff suggest that the majority of schools do not use evidence-based programs and guide their school practices instead on general frameworks and principles. The report makes five recommendations:(1) set ambitious behaviour change targets for continued reduction of alcohol and drug use amongst Australian school students;(2) evaluate school practices that are based on frameworks and principles to ensure they are safe and not contributing to harm;(3) offer incentives to schools that use evidence-based alcohol and drug programs;(4) place a priority on the evaluation of school alcohol and drug education programs, within Australian government research funding schemes; and(5) examine positive youth development outcomes in the evaluation of school alcohol and drug education programs.
Research statement This report firstly presents a literature review summarising the evidence for effective school alcohol and drug use prevention and early intervention programs and the theoretical mechanisms that underpin successful behaviour change. Secondly, the report assesses to what extent the current approaches used in Australian government schools accord with projected needs and the evidence for effective programs.
Language eng
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category A6 Research report/technical paper
Copyright notice ©2019, Deakin University
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30134963

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.