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Identifying the configuration differences of primary schools with different administrative affiliations in China

Sun, Wenwen, Hu, Xin, Li, Zhuoran and Liu, Chunlu 2020, Identifying the configuration differences of primary schools with different administrative affiliations in China, Buildings, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1-17, doi: 10.3390/buildings10020033.

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Title Identifying the configuration differences of primary schools with different administrative affiliations in China
Author(s) Sun, Wenwen
Hu, XinORCID iD for Hu, Xin orcid.org/0000-0003-3534-2855
Li, Zhuoran
Liu, ChunluORCID iD for Liu, Chunlu orcid.org/0000-0003-1144-4355
Journal name Buildings
Volume number 10
Issue number 2
Article ID 33
Start page 1
End page 17
Total pages 17
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Cham, Switzerland
Publication date 2020
ISSN 2075-5309
Keyword(s) configuration
primary schools
sustainable development
entropy weight method
Summary Equalization of education facilities, which means the balanced distribution of human and material resources under limited resource conditions, is one of the goals of sustainable development. In the process of rapid urbanization in China, there are apparent discrepancies between urban and rural areas because of different land and household registration systems. Primary schools with three types of different administrative affiliations also have significant distinctions. This study is aimed at assessing and comparing the configuration of primary schools with three different administrative affiliations, including cities, towns, and villages. After building an indicator system, the entropy weight method is applied to calculate the overall and category configuration scores of each school. Based on a spatial database, the ArcGIS thematic maps display the geography characteristic of each school in different geolocations. Moreover, the Kruskal–Wallis test identifies if the configuration of primary schools with different administrative affiliations is equal. The results indicate that the allocation of primary schools with three different administrative affiliations showed a ternary development. Moreover, although primary schools with city affiliation had significant advantages in education quality and convenience, their supply–demand conditions were not optimistic. In addition, the quality of the primary schools subordinate to towns was better, but convenience was generally lower. Finally, the quality of primary schools subordinate to villages and some towns was still poor. The results provide facts and a basis for policymakers to achieve an equity configuration in the sustainable development context.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/buildings10020033
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30135318

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.