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The burden of unintentional drowning: Global, regional and national estimates of mortality from the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study

Franklin, Richard Charles, Peden, Amy E, Hamilton, Erin B, Bisignano, Catherine, Castle, Chris D, Dingels, Zachary V, Hay, Simon I, Liu, Zichen, Mokdad, Ali H, Roberts, Nicholas L S, Sylte, Dillon O, Vos, Theo, Abady, Gdiom Gebreheat, Abosetugn, Akine Eshete, Ahmed, Rushdia, Alahdab, Fares, Andrei, Catalina Liliana, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T and Stokes, Mark A 2020, The burden of unintentional drowning: Global, regional and national estimates of mortality from the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study, Injury Prevention, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043484.

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Title The burden of unintentional drowning: Global, regional and national estimates of mortality from the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study
Author(s) Franklin, Richard Charles
Peden, Amy E
Hamilton, Erin B
Bisignano, Catherine
Castle, Chris D
Dingels, Zachary V
Hay, Simon I
Liu, Zichen
Mokdad, Ali H
Roberts, Nicholas L S
Sylte, Dillon O
Vos, Theo
Abady, Gdiom Gebreheat
Abosetugn, Akine Eshete
Ahmed, Rushdia
Alahdab, Fares
Andrei, Catalina Liliana
Antonio, Carl Abelardo T
Stokes, Mark AORCID iD for Stokes, Mark A orcid.org/0000-0001-6488-4544
Journal name Injury Prevention
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020
ISSN 1353-8047
1475-5785
Keyword(s) burden of disease
drowning
global
Summary Background: Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related mortality globally. Unintentional drowning (International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10 codes W65-74 and ICD9 E910) is one of the 30 mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive causes of injury-related mortality in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. This study's objective is to describe unintentional drowning using GBD estimates from 1990 to 2017. Methods: Unintentional drowning from GBD 2017 was estimated for cause-specific mortality and years of life lost (YLLs), age, sex, country, region, Socio-demographic Index (SDI) quintile, and trends from 1990 to 2017. GBD 2017 used standard GBD methods for estimating mortality from drowning. Results: Globally, unintentional drowning mortality decreased by 44.5% between 1990 and 2017, from 531 956 (uncertainty interval (UI): 484 107 to 572 854) to 295 210 (284 493 to 306 187) deaths. Global age-standardised mortality rates decreased 57.4%, from 9.3 (8.5 to 10.0) in 1990 to 4.0 (3.8 to 4.1) per 100 000 per annum in 2017. Unintentional drowning-associated mortality was generally higher in children, males and in low-SDI to middle-SDI countries. China, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounted for 51.2% of all drowning deaths in 2017. Oceania was the region with the highest rate of age-standardised YLLs in 2017, with 45 434 (40 850 to 50 539) YLLs per 100 000 across both sexes. Conclusions: There has been a decline in global drowning rates. This study shows that the decline was not consistent across countries. The results reinforce the need for continued and improved policy, prevention and research efforts, with a focus on low-and middle-income countries.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043484
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1117 Public Health and Health Services
1701 Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, Author(s) (or their employer(s))
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30135468

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.