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Measurement methods used to assess the school food environment: a systematic review

O’halloran, Siobhan, Eksteen, Gabriel, Gebremariam, Mekdes and Alston, Laura 2020, Measurement methods used to assess the school food environment: a systematic review, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1-23, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17051623.

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Title Measurement methods used to assess the school food environment: a systematic review
Author(s) O’halloran, Siobhan
Eksteen, Gabriel
Gebremariam, Mekdes
Alston, LauraORCID iD for Alston, Laura orcid.org/0000-0002-4551-8845
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 17
Issue number 5
Article ID 1623
Start page 1
End page 23
Total pages 23
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-03
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
school food environment
diet
measurement methods
INFORMAS
obesity
canteens
tuck shops
cafeterias
BODY-MASS INDEX
SECONDARY-SCHOOLS
NUTRITION ENVIRONMENT
PURCHASING PRACTICES
DIETARY ASSESSMENT
UNITED-STATES
HEALTHY FOOD
TUCK SHOP
CHILDREN
Summary Children consume approximately half of their total daily amount of energy at school. Foods consumed are often energy-dense, nutrient-poor. The school food environment represents an effective setting to influence children’s food choices when dietary habits are established and continue to track into adulthood. The aim of this review was to: (1) group methods used for assessing the school food environment according to four food environment dimensions: Physical, economic, socio-cultural and policy and (2) assess the quality of the methods according to four criteria: Comprehensiveness, relevance, generalizability and feasibility. Three databases were searched, and studies were used to assess food and beverages provided at school canteens, tuck shops or cafeterias were included. The review identified 38 global studies (including 49 methods of measuring the food environment). The physical environment was the primary focus for 47% of articles, aspects of policy environment was assessed by 37% articles and a small number of studies assessed the economic (8%) and socio cultural (8%) environment. Three methods were rated ‘high’ quality and seven methods received ‘medium’ quality ratings. The review revealed there are no standardized methods used to measure the school food environment. Robust methods to monitor the school food environment across a range of diverse country contexts is required to provide an understanding of obesogenic school environments.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17051623
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30135636

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.