Factors associated with frequent consumption of fast food among Australian secondary school students

Scully, Maree, Morley, Belinda, Niven, Philippa, Crawford, David, Pratt, Iain S., Wakefield, Melanie and NaSSDA Study Team 2020, Factors associated with frequent consumption of fast food among Australian secondary school students, Public health nutrition, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1340-1349, doi: 10.1017/S1368980019004208.

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Title Factors associated with frequent consumption of fast food among Australian secondary school students
Author(s) Scully, Maree
Morley, Belinda
Niven, Philippa
Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David orcid.org/0000-0002-2467-7556
Pratt, Iain S.
Wakefield, Melanie
NaSSDA Study Team
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 23
Issue number 8
Start page 1340
End page 1349
Total pages 10
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2020-06
ISSN 1368-9800
1475-2727
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Nutrition & Dietetics
Fast food
Adolescents
Health behaviours
Demographics
Australia
DIETARY PATTERNS
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
CHILDREN
ADULTHOOD
RISK
ENVIRONMENT
CHILDHOOD
BEHAVIORS
EXPOSURE
NaSSDA Study Team
Summary Objective: To examine demographic and behavioural correlates of frequent consumption of fast food among Australian secondary school students and explore the associations between fast food consumption and social/environmental factors.Design: Cross-sectional survey using a web-based self-report questionnaire.Setting: Secondary schools across all Australian states and territories.Participants: Students aged 12-17 years participating in the 2012-2013 National Secondary Students' Diet and Activity survey (n 8392).Results: Overall, 38 % of students surveyed reported consuming fast food at least weekly. Being male, residing in lower socio-economic areas and metropolitan locations, having more weekly spending money and working at a fast food outlet were all independently associated with consuming fast food once a week or more, as were several unhealthy eating (low vegetable intake and high sugary drink and snack food intake) and leisure (low physical activity and higher commercial television viewing) behaviours and short sleep duration. Frequent fast food consumption and measured weight status were unrelated. Students who agreed they go to fast food outlets with their family and friends were more likely to report consuming fast food at least weekly, as were those who usually 'upsize' their fast food meals and believe fast food is good value for money.Conclusions: These results suggest that frequent fast food consumption clusters with other unhealthy behaviours. Policy and educational interventions that reach identified at-risk groups are needed to reduce adolescent fast food consumption at the population level. Policies placing restrictions on the portion sizes of fast food may also help adolescents limit their intake.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980019004208
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 11 Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30135761

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