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State-of-the art-powerhouse, dam structure, and turbine operation and vibrations

Yaseen, Zaher Mundher, Ameen, Ameen Mohammed Salih, Aldlemy, Mohammed Suleman, Ali, Mumtaz, Afan, Haitham Abdulmohsin, Zhu, Senlin, Al-Janabi, Ahmed Mohammed Sami, Al-Ansari, Nadhir, Tiyasha, Tiyasha and Tao, Hai 2020, State-of-the art-powerhouse, dam structure, and turbine operation and vibrations, Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 4, Special Issue: The Future of Hydropower: Sustainable Goals, Planning, Practices and Technologies, pp. 1-40, doi: 10.3390/su12041676.

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Title State-of-the art-powerhouse, dam structure, and turbine operation and vibrations
Author(s) Yaseen, Zaher Mundher
Ameen, Ameen Mohammed Salih
Aldlemy, Mohammed Suleman
Ali, MumtazORCID iD for Ali, Mumtaz orcid.org/0000-0002-6975-5159
Afan, Haitham Abdulmohsin
Zhu, Senlin
Al-Janabi, Ahmed Mohammed Sami
Al-Ansari, Nadhir
Tiyasha, Tiyasha
Tao, Hai
Journal name Sustainability
Volume number 12
Issue number 4
Season Special Issue: The Future of Hydropower: Sustainable Goals, Planning, Practices and Technologies
Article ID 1676
Start page 1
End page 40
Total pages 40
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-02
ISSN 2071-1050
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Studies
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dam sustainability
hydropower plant
Kaplan turbine
Francis turbine
kinetic energy
vibration effect
FRANCIS HYDRAULIC-TURBINE
DIRECT NUMERICAL-SIMULATION
CONCRETE GRAVITY DAMS
SEISMIC RESPONSE
DRAFT TUBE
PRESSURE PULSATIONS
HYDROPOWER STATION
STABILITY ANALYSIS
BOUNDARY-CONDITION
IMPULSE TURBINES
Summary Dam and powerhouse operation sustainability is a major concern from the hydraulic engineering perspective. Powerhouse operation is one of the main sources of vibrations in the dam structure and hydropower plant; thus, the evaluation of turbine performance at different water pressures is important for determining the sustainability of the dam body. Draft tube turbines run under high pressure and suffer from connection problems, such as vibrations and pressure fluctuation. Reducing the pressure fluctuation and minimizing the principal stress caused by undesired components of water in the draft tube turbine are ongoing problems that must be resolved. Here, we conducted a comprehensive review of studies performed on dams, powerhouses, and turbine vibration, focusing on the vibration of two turbine units: Kaplan and Francis turbine units. The survey covered several aspects of dam types (e.g., rock and concrete dams), powerhouse analysis, turbine vibrations, and the relationship between dam and hydropower plant sustainability and operation. The current review covers the related research on the fluid mechanism in turbine units of hydropower plants, providing a perspective on better control of vibrations. Thus, the risks and failures can be better managed and reduced, which in turn will reduce hydropower plant operation costs and simultaneously increase the economical sustainability. Several research gaps were found, and the literature was assessed to provide more insightful details on the studies surveyed. Numerous future research directions are recommended.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/su12041676
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 12 Built Environment and Design
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30135829

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.