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Control-Based 4D Printing: Adaptive 4D-Printed Systems

Zolfagharian, Ali, Kaynak, Akif, Bodaghi, Mahdi, Kouzani, Abbas Z., Gharaie, Saleh and Nahavandi, Saeid 2020, Control-Based 4D Printing: Adaptive 4D-Printed Systems, Applied Sciences, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 1-19, doi: 10.3390/app10093020.

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Title Control-Based 4D Printing: Adaptive 4D-Printed Systems
Author(s) Zolfagharian, Ali
Kaynak, AkifORCID iD for Kaynak, Akif orcid.org/0000-0002-6679-657X
Bodaghi, Mahdi
Kouzani, Abbas Z.ORCID iD for Kouzani, Abbas Z. orcid.org/0000-0002-6292-1214
Gharaie, SalehORCID iD for Gharaie, Saleh orcid.org/0000-0003-2660-6660
Nahavandi, SaeidORCID iD for Nahavandi, Saeid orcid.org/0000-0002-0360-5270
Journal name Applied Sciences
Volume number 10
Issue number 9
Article ID 3020
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-05
ISSN 2076-3417
2076-3417
Keyword(s) control-based
4D-printing
adaptive
4D-printed systems
Summary Building on the recent progress of four-dimensional (4D) printing to produce dynamic structures, this study aimed to bring this technology to the next level by introducing control-based 4D printing to develop adaptive 4D-printed systems with highly versatile multi-disciplinary applications, including medicine, in the form of assisted soft robots, smart textiles as wearable electronics and other industries such as agriculture and microfluidics. This study introduced and analysed adaptive 4D-printed systems with an advanced manufacturing approach for developing stimuli-responsive constructs that organically adapted to environmental dynamic situations and uncertainties as nature does. The adaptive 4D-printed systems incorporated synergic integration of three-dimensional (3D)-printed sensors into 4D-printing and control units, which could be assembled and programmed to transform their shapes based on the assigned tasks and environmental stimuli. This paper demonstrates the adaptivity of these systems via a combination of proprioceptive sensory feedback, modeling and controllers, as well as the challenges and future opportunities they present.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/app10093020
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30136505

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.