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Management of minor ailments in a community pharmacy setting: Findings from simulated visits and qualitative study in Gondar town, Ethiopia

Ayele, AA, Mekuria, AB, Tegegn, HG, Gebresillassie, BM, Mekonnen, AB and Erku, DA 2018, Management of minor ailments in a community pharmacy setting: Findings from simulated visits and qualitative study in Gondar town, Ethiopia, PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190583.

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Title Management of minor ailments in a community pharmacy setting: Findings from simulated visits and qualitative study in Gondar town, Ethiopia
Author(s) Ayele, AA
Mekuria, AB
Tegegn, HG
Gebresillassie, BM
Mekonnen, ABORCID iD for Mekonnen, AB orcid.org/0000-0002-6826-4817
Erku, DA
Journal name PLoS ONE
Volume number 13
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher PLOS
Place of publication San Francisco, CA
Publication date 2018-01-04
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) Pharmacists
Diarrhea
Drugs
Pain
Qualitative studies
NSAIDs
Towns
Antibiotics
Summary Community pharmacy professionals are being widely accepted as sources of treatment and advice for managing minor ailments, largely owing to their location at the heart of the community. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to document the involvement of community pharmacy professionals in the management of minor ailments and perceived barriers that limit their provision of such services. Simulated patient (SP) visits combined with a qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted among community pharmacy professionals in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. Scenarios of three different minor ailments (uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection, back pain and acute diarrhea) were selected and results were reported as percentages. Pharmacy professionals were also interviewed about the barriers in the management of minor ailments. Out of 66 simulated visits, 61 cases (92.4%) provided one or more medications to the SPs. Pharmacy professionals in 16 visits asked SPs information on details of symptoms and past medical and medication history. Ibuprofen alone or in combination with paracetamol was the most commonly dispensed analgesics for back pain. Oral rehydration fluid (ORS) with zinc was the most frequently dispensed medication (33.3%) for the management of acute diarrhea followed by mebendazole (23.9%). Moreover, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid capsule (35%) followed by Amoxicillin (25%) were the most commonly dispensed antibiotics for uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection. Lack of clinical training and poor community awareness towards the role of community pharmacists in the management of minor ailments were the main barriers for the provision of minor ailment management by community pharmacy professionals. Overall, community pharmacists provided inadequate therapy for the simulated minor ailments. Lack of access to clinical training and poor community awareness were the most commonly cited barriers for providing such services. So as to improve community pharmacists’ involvement in managing minor ailments and optimize the contribution of pharmacists, interventions should focus on overcoming the identified barriers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0190583
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, Ayele et al.
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30136699

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.