Oil import diversification in Northeast Asia: A comparison between China and Japan

Vivoda, Vlado and Manicom, James 2011, Oil import diversification in Northeast Asia: A comparison between China and Japan, Journal of East Asian Studies, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 223-254, doi: 10.1017/S1598240800007177.

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Title Oil import diversification in Northeast Asia: A comparison between China and Japan
Author(s) Vivoda, VladoORCID iD for Vivoda, Vlado orcid.org/0000-0002-0105-1702
Manicom, James
Journal name Journal of East Asian Studies
Volume number 11
Issue number 2
Start page 223
End page 254
Total pages 32
Publisher CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Publication date 2011-01-01
ISSN 1598-2408
2234-6643
Keyword(s) Social Sciences
Area Studies
International Relations
Political Science
Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Government & Law
Social Sciences - Other Topics
China
Japan
oil imports
diversification
energy security
geography
strategy
POLICY
GOVERNMENT
QUEST
Summary In this article, we explore why oil import patterns differ between states with a view to understanding the relationship between agent-based explanations such as strategy and structural explanations—for example, geography. We compare degree of diversification between China and Japan in an effort to explore the relationship between agency and structure in the formation of energy security policy. The China-Japan comparison is contextualized with reference to the baseline case of the United States, a well-diversified importer. We employ the Shannon-Wiener index of diversity to assess the extent of oil import diversification, and temporal changes in diversification for China, Japan, and the United States. A key finding is that China's statist approach has allowed it to diversify its sources of imported oil more quickly than Japan's hybrid approach. In fact, since becoming a net oil importer in 1993, China's sources of imported oil have diversified quite rapidly. Japan's overreliance on the Middle East for much of its imported oil has been endemic since 1973.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1598240800007177
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1606 Political Science
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30138283

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Arts and Education
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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