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Associations of heart rate measures during physical education with academic performance and executive function in children: A cross-sectional study

Muntaner-Mas, Adria, Vidal-Conti, Josep, Salmon, Jo and Palou-Sampol, Pere 2020, Associations of heart rate measures during physical education with academic performance and executive function in children: A cross-sectional study, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17124307.

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Title Associations of heart rate measures during physical education with academic performance and executive function in children: A cross-sectional study
Author(s) Muntaner-Mas, Adria
Vidal-Conti, Josep
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Palou-Sampol, Pere
Journal name International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume number 17
Issue number 12
Article ID 4307
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
physical activity
school-aged
cognitive flexibility
inhibition
academic achievement
brain function
ACHIEVEMENT
SCHOOL
EXERCISE
ADOLESCENTS
VALIDITY
RELIABILITY
INDEXES
FITNESS
BRAIN
Summary The current evidence for a relation between children’s heart rate measures and their academic performance and executive functioning is infancy. Despite several studies observing dose-response effects of physical activity on academic performance and executive function in children, further research using objective measures of the relative intensity of physical activity (e.g., heart rate) is warranted. The present study aimed to inspect associations between heart rate response and various academic performance indicators and executive function domains. A total of 130 schoolchildren between the ages of 9 and 13 years (M = 10.69, SD 0.96 years old; 56.9% boys) participated in a cross-sectional study. Children’s heart rate data were collected through participation in physical education classes using the polar TeamTM hardware and software. One week before heart rate measures, academic performance was obtained from the school records in maths, Spanish language, Catalan language, physical education, and Grade point average. Executive function was measured by two domains, cognitive flexibility with the Trail Making Test and inhibition with the Stroop test. Associations between children’s heart rate data and academic performance and executive function were analyzed using regression models. Academic performance was found to be positively related to four heart rate measures (β range, 0.191 to 0.275; all p < 0.040). Additionally, the hard heart rate intensity level was positively related to two academic indicators (β range, 0.183 to 0.192; all p < 0.044). Three heart rate measures were associated with two cognitive flexibility subdomains (β range, −0.248 to 0.195; all p < 0.043), and three heart rate measures were related to one inhibition subdomain (β range, 0.198 to 0.278; all p < 0.028). The results showed slight associations of heart rate responses during physical education lessons with academic performance but did not clearly indicate associations with executive function. Future experimental studies testing associations between different bouts of intensity levels are needed to disentangle the relationship with brain function during childhood.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17124307
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30139421

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.