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Parental and peer support are associated with physical activity in adolescents: evidence from 74 countries

Khan, Shanchita R., Uddin, Riaz, Mandic, Sandra and Khan, Asaduzzaman 2020, Parental and peer support are associated with physical activity in adolescents: evidence from 74 countries, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17124435.

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Title Parental and peer support are associated with physical activity in adolescents: evidence from 74 countries
Author(s) Khan, Shanchita R.
Uddin, RiazORCID iD for Uddin, Riaz orcid.org/0000-0001-8133-9732
Mandic, Sandra
Khan, Asaduzzaman
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 17
Issue number 12
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-06
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
parent support
peer support
physical activity
adolescent
children
global health
school health
SCREEN TIME
SCHOOL
Summary Although parental and peer support can influence adolescents’ physical activity (PA), these associations have not been fully examined through a global assessment. This study examined the associations of parental and peer support with PA among adolescents from 74 countries. The Global School-based Student Health Survey data from 250,317 adolescents aged 11–17 years (48.8% girls), collected between 2007 and 2016, were analysed. Adolescents were asked how many days/week they were physically active and about their parental and peer support. Meta-analysis showed that adolescents who had high parental or peer support had higher odds of attaining sufficient PA (odds ratio (OR): 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.34–1.46; OR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.49–1.65, respectively). Pooled estimates of association were significant across all World Health Organization (WHO) regions and country-income categories with the highest estimate from the low-income countries. The Western Pacific region showed the highest association between parental support and adolescents’ PA (OR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.41–1.59), while South-East Asia exhibited the highest association between peer support and adolescents’ PA (OR: 1.80, 95% CI: 1.59–2.04). Country-level estimates of associations are presented. Future studies should use robust assessment of PA and PA-specific parental and peer support with emphasis on qualitative investigation to understand the complexity of the relationships.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17124435
Indigenous content off
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30139597

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.