Burden of diabetes and oral cancer in India

Abhinav, RP, Williams, Joanne, Livingston, Patricia, Anjana, RM and Mohan, V 2020, Burden of diabetes and oral cancer in India, Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107670.


Title Burden of diabetes and oral cancer in India
Author(s) Abhinav, RP
Williams, JoanneORCID iD for Williams, Joanne orcid.org/0000-0002-5633-1592
Livingston, PatriciaORCID iD for Livingston, Patricia orcid.org/0000-0001-6616-3839
Anjana, RM
Mohan, V
Journal name Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Publication date 2020-01-01
ISSN 1056-8727
1873-460X
Summary © 2020 Elsevier Inc. Oral cancer and diabetes are highly prevalent among the Indian population and are part of the top four non-communicable diseases responsible for mortality and morbidity. Their numbers are so great that they pose a unique burden to the socioeconomic growth of the country. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of studies examining the role of diabetes in oral cancer reporting co-existence of diabetes and cancer. There is also growing evidence of a higher risk for developing a number of cancers among individuals with diabetes, including pancreatic, liver, gynecologic, colorectal, oral and breast cancer, and consequently ‘diabetic oncopathy’ is emerging as one of the complications of diabetes. Diabetes may lead to the development of cancer through oxidative damage leading to accumulation of DNA mutations and/or through immune dysfunction, which predisposes to viral infection. Cancer and diabetes may co-occur due to shared risk factors such as increased insulin-like growth factor-1 and obesity, but there is no clear biologic link between the two disorders. This literature review aims to review the evidence showing the current burden of two non-communicable diseases, diabetes and oral cancer and their potential association, with particular reference to India.
DOI 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107670
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences

Document type: Journal Article
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