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A preliminary investigation of the relationship between motivation for physical activity and emotional and behavioural difficulties in children aged 8–12 years: The role of autonomous motivation

Farmer, Erin, Papadopoulos, Nicole, Emonson, Chloe, Fuelscher, Ian, Pesce, Caterina, McGillivray, Jane, Hyde, Christian, Olive, Lisa and Rinehart, Nicole 2020, A preliminary investigation of the relationship between motivation for physical activity and emotional and behavioural difficulties in children aged 8–12 years: The role of autonomous motivation, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 17, no. 15, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17155584.

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Title A preliminary investigation of the relationship between motivation for physical activity and emotional and behavioural difficulties in children aged 8–12 years: The role of autonomous motivation
Author(s) Farmer, Erin
Papadopoulos, NicoleORCID iD for Papadopoulos, Nicole orcid.org/0000-0001-9057-1672
Emonson, ChloeORCID iD for Emonson, Chloe orcid.org/0000-0002-4875-0105
Fuelscher, IanORCID iD for Fuelscher, Ian orcid.org/0000-0002-4875-0105
Pesce, Caterina
McGillivray, JaneORCID iD for McGillivray, Jane orcid.org/0000-0003-2000-6488
Hyde, ChristianORCID iD for Hyde, Christian orcid.org/0000-0003-4833-4782
Olive, LisaORCID iD for Olive, Lisa orcid.org/0000-0003-4643-8561
Rinehart, NicoleORCID iD for Rinehart, Nicole orcid.org/0000-0001-6109-3958
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 17
Issue number 15
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-08
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) autonomous motivation
children
mental health
motivation
physical activity
Summary While motivation for physical activity (PA) and PA participation have been linked, research on the relationship between motivation for PA and mental health outcomes is scant, with studies involving children largely underrepresented. Grounded in self-determination theory, this cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether autonomous motivation versus external motivation (a form of controlled motivation) for PA is associated with fewer emotional and behavioural difficulties and higher levels of PA in children. A sample of 87 children (aged 8–12 years) were recruited from five primary schools in Victoria, Australia. An adapted version of the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ) was used to measure motivation for PA and structured parent-report questions were used to assess moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) levels. Parents also completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to measure children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties. Children’s autonomous motivation was associated with fewer emotional and behavioural difficulties (β = −0.25, p = 0.038) and higher levels of MVPA (β = 0.24, p = 0.014). These results indicate autonomous motivation is associated with improved mental health outcomes and higher levels of PA in children. Thus, PA interventions that promote autonomous motivation may enhance children’s mental health compared to interventions that promote mainly controlled forms of motivation.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17155584
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30140691

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.