Diet and Mental Health During Emerging Adulthood: A Systematic Review

Collins, Sam, Dash, Sarah, Allender, Steven, Jacka, Felice and Hoare, Erin 2020, Diet and Mental Health During Emerging Adulthood: A Systematic Review, Emerging Adulthood, pp. 1-15, doi: 10.1177/2167696820943028.

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Title Diet and Mental Health During Emerging Adulthood: A Systematic Review
Author(s) Collins, Sam
Dash, Sarah
Allender, StevenORCID iD for Allender, Steven
Jacka, FeliceORCID iD for Jacka, Felice
Hoare, ErinORCID iD for Hoare, Erin
Journal name Emerging Adulthood
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020
ISSN 2167-6968
Keyword(s) Social Sciences
Family Studies
Psychology, Developmental
Psychology, Social
emerging adulthood
nutritional psychiatry
Summary Previous research has reported associations between diet and risk of depression and anxiety; however, this is underexplored in emerging adulthood (EA; 18–29 years). This systematic review examined associations between diet quality and common mental disorders and their related symptomatology in the published EA literature. A systematic search according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was conducted for articles published between 2009 and 2019. Grading of evidence was performed using an established quality assessment tool for quantitative studies. Sixteen studies were included for review. Findings supported EA as a risk period for both poor mental health and low diet quality. There was moderate support for associations between diet quality and depression, anxiety, positive/negative affect, suicide ideation, and psychological health. Methodological quality overall was weak. EA appears to be a critical period for both diet quality and mental health. Further research is needed to better understand diet and mental health associations among EAs.
Notes In Press
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/2167696820943028
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 111707 Family Care
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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