HIV type 1 in Fiji is caused by subtypes C and B

Ryan, CE, Kama, M, Darcy, A, Aleksic, E, Mirza, T, Chaudhary, A, Oelrichs, RB, Rogers, Gary D and Crowe, SM 2009, HIV type 1 in Fiji is caused by subtypes C and B, AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1355-1358, doi: 10.1089/aid.2009.0175.

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Title HIV type 1 in Fiji is caused by subtypes C and B
Author(s) Ryan, CE
Kama, M
Darcy, A
Aleksic, E
Mirza, T
Chaudhary, A
Oelrichs, RB
Rogers, Gary D
Crowe, SM
Journal name AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses
Volume number 25
Issue number 12
Start page 1355
End page 1358
Total pages 4
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Place of publication United States
Publication date 2009-12
ISSN 1931-8405
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Infectious Diseases
Summary The HIV epidemic in Fiji remains largely uncharacterized. By February 2009, there were 294 confirmed cases; the majority occurred among the 20- to 39-year old age group and resulted from heterosexual contact. There are currently no published data concerning HIV subtypes in Fiji. In this study, venous blood samples were collected as dried blood spots from 35 HIV-positive individuals in Fiji. HIV-1 subtype was determined for 27 (77%) samples and the presence of four different subtypes, with multiple introductions of two, was demonstrated. Subtype distribution was as follows: 16 (59%) were subtype C, 9 (33%) were subtype B, 1 (4%) was subtype A, and 1 (4%) was subtype G. Phylogenetic analysis showed a clear segregation of the Fijian subtype C isolates and previously published Papua New Guinea subtype C isolates as well as multiple introductions of subtype B. These findings represent the first HIV-1 subtype data from the Fiji Islands.
Language eng
DOI 10.1089/aid.2009.0175
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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