A qualitative examination of the relationship between rumination, distress, and dysregulated behaviours in vulnerable young people

Sloan, Elise, Moulding, Richard, Weiner, Carlye, Dowling, Rose-Mary and Hall, Kate 2020, A qualitative examination of the relationship between rumination, distress, and dysregulated behaviours in vulnerable young people, Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, pp. 1-19, doi: 10.1111/papt.12297.

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Title A qualitative examination of the relationship between rumination, distress, and dysregulated behaviours in vulnerable young people
Author(s) Sloan, EliseORCID iD for Sloan, Elise orcid.org/0000-0002-2384-2310
Moulding, RichardORCID iD for Moulding, Richard orcid.org/0000-0001-7779-3166
Weiner, Carlye
Dowling, Rose-Mary
Hall, KateORCID iD for Hall, Kate orcid.org/0000-0001-8648-0313
Journal name Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ
Publication date 2020-07-27
ISSN 1476-0835
2044-8341
Keyword(s) rumination
distress
dysregulated behaviours
binge and purge
substance misuse
young people
Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychology, Clinical
Psychiatry
Psychology
SELF-INJURIOUS THOUGHTS
YOUTH MENTAL-HEALTH
EMOTION REGULATION
NEGATIVE THINKING
DEPRESSION
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
ADOLESCENTS
DISORDERS
TOLERANCE
INTERACT
Summary Objectives: Young people accessing mental health treatment in Australia frequently engage in dysregulated behaviours, such as substance misuse, deliberate self-harm (DSH), and binge eating and purging. Rumination has been identified as a correlate of behavioural dysregulation; however, a qualitative examination of the functional relationship between ruminative processes and distress and subsequent engagement in dysregulated behaviours has not yet been conducted. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of rumination in young people and examine how this process relates to engagement in DSH, binge eating and purging, and substance misuse in a sample of treatment-seeking young people. Design: A qualitative research methodology was used gain an in-depth understanding of participants’ experience of rumination as it relates to their engagement in dysregulated behaviours. Methods: Twelve treatment-seeking young people were interviewed about their experience of rumination in the context of a recently recalled situation where they engaged in a dysregulated behaviour. Interview data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Themes included the following: (1) triggers to behavioural dysregulation; (2) characteristics and content of rumination; (3) key precipitants to dysregulated behaviours (rumination, distress, and prior ineffective were at managing rumination); and (4) distraction from rumination and regulation of distress as short term, positively reinforcing consequences of dysregulated behaviours, while ongoing cycles of rumination and psychological distress were identified as long-term consequences. Conclusions: DSH, binge/purge behaviours, and substance misuse represent maladaptive ways to distract from intense and pervasive rumination in this cohort of young people. Theoretical and treatment implications pertaining to these findings are discussed. Practitioner points: Rumination is a common experience in young people who engage in dysregulated behaviours including deliberate self-harm, binging and purging, and substance misuse Engagement in behavioural dysregulation functions to distract from rumination, which negatively reinforces further engagement in dysregulated behaviours. Interventions in this population should focus on the development of adaptive skills that provide the same level of distraction provided by the physical sensations associated with engaging in a dysregulated behaviour.
Notes In Press
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/papt.12297
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The British Psychological Society
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30141715

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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