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The role of health literacy in postpartum weight, diet, and physical activity

Garad, Rhonda, Mcphee, Crystal, Chai, Tze Lin, Moran, Lisa, O'Reilly, Sharleen and Lim, Siew 2020, The role of health literacy in postpartum weight, diet, and physical activity, Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol. 9, no. 8, doi: 10.3390/jcm9082463.

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Title The role of health literacy in postpartum weight, diet, and physical activity
Author(s) Garad, Rhonda
Mcphee, CrystalORCID iD for Mcphee, Crystal orcid.org/0000-0003-4192-4325
Chai, Tze Lin
Moran, Lisa
O'Reilly, SharleenORCID iD for O'Reilly, Sharleen orcid.org/0000-0003-3547-6634
Lim, Siew
Journal name Journal of Clinical Medicine
Volume number 9
Issue number 8
Total pages 14
Publisher M D P I AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-08-01
ISSN 2077-0383
2077-0383
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
postpartum
health literacy
weight
diet
physical activity
prevention
women
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
ACTIVITY INTERVENTION
LIFE-STYLE
EXERCISE
OVERWEIGHT
EDUCATION
RETENTION
OUTCOMES
MOTHERS
Summary Background: Postpartum weight retention is a significant contributor to obesity in women, adverse perinatal events in subsequent pregnancies, and chronic disease risk. Health literacy is known to impact health behaviors. The study aimed to identify the health literacy domains utilized in postpartum weight management interventions and to determine their impact on weight, diet and physical activity in postpartum women. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PSYCINFO, and EBM databases. We included random control trials of lifestyle intervention in postpartum women (within two years post-delivery) published up to 3 May 2019. Subgroup analyses were performed to determine the effect of health literacy domains on outcomes. Results: Out of 5000 studies, 33 studies (n = 3905) were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. The health literacy domain self-care (skills and knowledge) was associated with a significant reduction in body weight (mean difference (MD) −2.46 kg; 95% confidence interval (CI) from −3.65 to −1.27) and increase in physical activity (standardized mean difference (SMD) 0.61; 95% CI 0.20 to 1.02). No other health literacy domain was associated with significant outcomes in weight, energy intake, or physical activity. Conclusions: Health literacy skills such as knowledge of self-care are effective in improving weight and in increasing physical activity in postpartum women. The efficacy of other health domains was not supported.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/jcm9082463
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30142977

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.