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The associations between dairy product consumption and biomarkers of inflammation, adipocytokines, and oxidative stress in children: a cross-sectional study

Aslam, Hajara, Jacka, Felice N, Marx, Wolfgang, Karatzi, Kalliopi, Mavrogianni, Christina, Karaglani, Eva, Mohebbi, Mohammadreza, Pasco, Julie A, O'Neil, Adrienne, Berk, Michael, Nomikos, Tzortzis, Kanellakis, Spyridon, Androutsos, Odysseas, Manios, Yannis and Moschonis, George 2020, The associations between dairy product consumption and biomarkers of inflammation, adipocytokines, and oxidative stress in children: a cross-sectional study, Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1-15, doi: 10.3390/nu12103055.

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Title The associations between dairy product consumption and biomarkers of inflammation, adipocytokines, and oxidative stress in children: a cross-sectional study
Author(s) Aslam, Hajara
Jacka, Felice NORCID iD for Jacka, Felice N orcid.org/0000-0002-9825-0328
Marx, WolfgangORCID iD for Marx, Wolfgang orcid.org/0000-0002-8556-8230
Karatzi, Kalliopi
Mavrogianni, Christina
Karaglani, Eva
Mohebbi, MohammadrezaORCID iD for Mohebbi, Mohammadreza orcid.org/0000-0001-9713-7211
Pasco, Julie AORCID iD for Pasco, Julie A orcid.org/0000-0002-8968-4714
O'Neil, Adrienne
Berk, MichaelORCID iD for Berk, Michael orcid.org/0000-0002-5554-6946
Nomikos, Tzortzis
Kanellakis, Spyridon
Androutsos, Odysseas
Manios, Yannis
Moschonis, George
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 12
Issue number 10
Article ID 3055
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-10
ISSN 2072-6643
2072-6643
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
milk
dairy products
oxidative stress
inflammation
obesity
leptin
children
Summary The association between dairy product consumption and biomarkers of inflammation, adipocytokines, and oxidative stress is poorly studied in children. Therefore, these associations were examined in a representative subsample of 1338 schoolchildren with a mean age of 11.5 (±0.7) years in the Healthy Growth Study. Information on dairy product consumption was collected by dietary recalls. Total dairy consumption was calculated by summing the intake of milk, yogurt, and cheese. Inflammatory markers, i.e., high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and adipocytokines, i.e., leptin, adiponectin, and the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were analysed. Due to the skewed distribution hs-CRP, IL-6, and leptin were log transformed. Multivariable regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, energy intake, physical activity, parental education, Tanner stage, and fat mass were used to assess the associations between consumption of total dairy, milk, yogurt, cheese, and markers of inflammation, adipocytokines, oxidative stress, and adiponectin−leptin ratio. Our results showed that milk consumption was inversely associated with leptin (β: −0.101; 95% CI: −0.177, −0.025, p = 0.009) and positively associated with the adiponectin−leptin ratio (β: 0.116; 95% CI: 0.020, 0.211; p = 0.018), while total dairy, cheese, and yogurt consumption were not associated with inflammatory, adipocytokine, or antioxidant markers. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu12103055
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 0908 Food Sciences
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30143753

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.