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Trends in cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients in comparison to general population in Iran: findings from National Surveys 2007–2016

Malekzadeh, H, Lotfaliany, M, Ostovar, A, Hadaegh, F, Azizi, F, Yoosefi, M, Farzadfar, F and Khalili, D 2020, Trends in cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients in comparison to general population in Iran: findings from National Surveys 2007–2016, Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-68640-9.

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Title Trends in cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients in comparison to general population in Iran: findings from National Surveys 2007–2016
Author(s) Malekzadeh, H
Lotfaliany, MORCID iD for Lotfaliany, M orcid.org/0000-0001-6594-9004
Ostovar, A
Hadaegh, F
Azizi, F
Yoosefi, M
Farzadfar, F
Khalili, D
Journal name Scientific Reports
Volume number 10
Issue number 1
Article ID 11724
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Nature Research
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2020-07-16
ISSN 2045-2322
2045-2322
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
BLOOD-PRESSURE
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
HEALTH SURVEY
HDL-C
DISEASE
DETERMINANTS
ADULTS
LIPOPROTEINS
INDIVIDUALS
CHOLESTEROL
Summary To determine levels of change in risk factors for cardiovascular disease among people with and without a previous diagnosis of diabetes from 2007 to 2016 in Iran. Data were obtained from five rounds of the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) cross-sectional surveys. Participants were 7665 and 93,733 adults with and without known diabetes, respectively, aged 25–65 years. We used logistic and linear regressions to assess the trends of risk factors. Individuals with known diabetes compared to those without the condition, experienced greater reductions in mean levels of systolic blood pressure (3.0 vs. 0.5 mmHg among women and 3.9 vs. 1.6 mmHg among men), diastolic blood pressure (6.4 vs. 5.11 mmHg in women and 3.3 vs. 1.8 mmHg in men), and non-HDL cholesterol (42.4 vs. 27.2 mg/dL among women and 30.3 vs. 21.0 mg/dL among men) throughout these years. Men with diabetes also showed a greater reduction in the prevalence of daily cigarette smoking compared to their non-diabetic counterparts (7.3% vs. 2.3%). Fasting plasma glucose decreased among subjects with diabetes but increased among those without diabetes. Significant increases were observed in proportions who met goals for blood pressure, triglycerides, non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in both groups; however, almost half of diabetic subjects did not achieve risk factor goals in 2016. Secondary prevention in diabetic patients was more effective than primary prevention in the general population; however, the rate of diabetic patients who met the designated goals for each risk factor was still suboptimal.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/s41598-020-68640-9
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The Author(s)
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30144094

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.