Food consumption according to the degree of processing, dietary diversity and socio-demographic factors among pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The Rio Birth Cohort Study of Environmental Exposure and Childhood Development (PIPA project)

Naspolini, NF, Pereira Machado, Priscila, Fróes-Asmus, CIR, Câmara, VDM, Moreira, JC and Meyer, A 2020, Food consumption according to the degree of processing, dietary diversity and socio-demographic factors among pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The Rio Birth Cohort Study of Environmental Exposure and Childhood Development (PIPA project), Nutrition and Health, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1177/0260106020960881.

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Title Food consumption according to the degree of processing, dietary diversity and socio-demographic factors among pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The Rio Birth Cohort Study of Environmental Exposure and Childhood Development (PIPA project)
Author(s) Naspolini, NF
Pereira Machado, PriscilaORCID iD for Pereira Machado, Priscila orcid.org/0000-0003-4607-5094
Fróes-Asmus, CIR
Câmara, VDM
Moreira, JC
Meyer, A
Journal name Nutrition and Health
Article ID 026010602096088
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher SAGE Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA
Publication date 2020-10-19
ISSN 0260-1060
2047-945X
Keyword(s) food consumption
pregnancy nutrition
ultra-processed foods
socio-demographic factors
food processing
Summary Background:Relevant evidence has addressed the negative impact of food processing on health. However, maternal ultra-processed food consumption is poorly investigated.Aim:To analyze food consumption according to the degree of food processing, dietary diversity, and associated socio-demographic factors during pregnancy.Methods:Cross-sectional data was taken from a birth cohort in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with 142 pregnant women. We assessed diet using a qualitative food frequency questionnaire and classified food items according to the NOVA classification system as non-ultra-processed-foods and ultra-processed-foods. Non-ultra-processed-food and ultra-processed-food scores were calculated, reflecting weekly intake of more than one subgroup. Dietary diversity of the non-ultra-processed-food diet fraction was described according to the Food and Agriculture Organization guidelines. The association between food consumption and socio-demographic factors were investigated using logistic regression models.Results:Over 60% of the pregnant women reported consumption of at least three non-ultra-processed-food groups. However, only 25% had adequate dietary diversity. The level of education (Complete high school: odds ratio, 5.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.73–16.65) was associated with regular intake of “meat and eggs.” Among the ultra-processed-food score, 27% of the participants described a weekly consumption of at least two ultra-processed-food subgroups. White women (odds ratio, 2.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.05–6.63) had a higher chance of reporting “packaged ready meals” consumption.Conclusions:This study shows a high weekly consumption of ultra-processed-food subgroups and low dietary diversity of the non-ultra-processed-food fraction of the diet of pregnant women in Brazil. Our results elucidate the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on diet quality during pregnancy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0260106020960881
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The Author(s)
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30144653

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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