Energy absorption and mechanical performance of functionally graded soft–hard lattice structures

Rahman, Hafizur, Yarali, Ebrahim, Zolfagharian, Ali, Serjouei, Ahmad and Bodaghi, Mahdi 2021, Energy absorption and mechanical performance of functionally graded soft–hard lattice structures, Materials, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1-16, doi: 10.3390/ma14061366.

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Title Energy absorption and mechanical performance of functionally graded soft–hard lattice structures
Author(s) Rahman, Hafizur
Yarali, Ebrahim
Zolfagharian, Ali
Serjouei, Ahmad
Bodaghi, Mahdi
Journal name Materials
Volume number 14
Issue number 6
Article ID 1366
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2021
ISSN 1996-1944
Keyword(s) energy absorption
graded cellular structures
finite element modeling
soft-hard composites
large deformations
Summary Today, the rational combination of materials and design has enabled the development of bio-inspired lattice structures with unprecedented properties to mimic biological features. The present study aims to investigate the mechanical performance and energy absorption capacity of such sophisticated hybrid soft–hard structures with gradient lattices. The structures are designed based on the diversity of materials and graded size of the unit cells. By changing the unit cell size and arrangement, five different graded lattice structures with various relative densities made of soft and hard materials are numerically investigated. The simulations are implemented using ANSYS finite element modeling (FEM) (2020 R1, 2020, ANSYS Inc., Canonsburg, PA, USA) considering elastic-plastic and the hardening behavior of the materials and geometrical non-linearity. The numerical results are validated against experimental data on three-dimensional (3D)-printed lattices revealing the high accuracy of the FEM. Then, by combination of the dissimilar soft and hard polymeric materials in a homogenous hexagonal lattice structure, two dual-material mechanical lattice statures are designed, and their mechanical performance and energy absorption are studied. The results reveal that not only gradual changes in the unit cell size provide more energy absorption and improve mechanical performance, but also the rational combination of soft and hard materials make the lattice structure with the maximum energy absorption and stiffness, in comparison to those structures with a single material, interesting for multi-functional applications.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ma14061366
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 03 Chemical Sciences
09 Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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